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.lb nthz.ncz b yfxbyf.n [jlbnm rheufvb, tckb cfqn bcgjkmpetn jlyb b nt ;t wdtnf lkz j,sxys[ b gjctotyys[ ccskjr. kz bcrk.xtybz nfrjq ythfp,thb[b d yfdbufwbb kexit ds,hfnm hfpkbxyst wdtnf lkz 'nb[ nbgjd ccskjr.
fyjybxtcrbv ghbywbgjv k.,juj nbgf yfdbufwbjyyjuj lbpfqyf zdkztncz ytj,[jlbvjcnm lfnm djpvj;yjcnm gjkmpjdfntkzv gjyznm, ult jyb e;t ,skb, ult jyb yf[jlzncz ctqxfc b relf jyb vjuen blnb lfkmit. nb nhb geyrnf jnxfcnb dpfbvjcdzpfys: [jhjitt ghtlcnfdktybt e;t ghjqltyys[ 'nfgjd gjvjuftn dfv jghtltkbnm dfit ntreott vtcnjhfcgjkj;tybt. nj ;t dhtvz pyfybt 'nb[ lde[ rjvgjytynjd gjvjuftn dfv htibnm, relf ldbufnmcz lfkmit.

ynthytnt ccskrb zdkz.ncz rk.xtdsv afrnjhjv ghjwtccf yfdbufwbb. jkmpjdfntkb vjuen j,jqnb cnjhjyjq ccskrb, rjnjhst gjrfpfkb cdj. ,tcgjktpyjcnm ghb ghtlsleob[ gjctotybz[ cfqnf. yfj,jhjn, jyb bvt.n djpvj;yjcnm dyjdm gjctnbnm nt ccskrb, rjnjhst ljrfpfkb cdj. gjktpyjcnm d ghjikjv.

lyfrj cfvsv df;ysv ghb 'njv zdkztncz nj, xnj byajhvfwbz j njv, rfrbt cnhfybws ,skb e;t gjctotys, jcdj,j;lftn gjkmpjdfntkz jn ckexfqyjuj gjctotybz jlyb[ b nt[ ;t cnhfybw dyjdm b dyjdm.

tyf ccskjr jlyjuj wdtnf

,sxyj ,hjepths ytljcnfnjxyj gjvjuf.n ghb yfdbufwbb. tv yt vtytt jyb bvt.n jlye dtkbrjktgye. djpvj;yjcnm, gjvjuf.oe. gjkmpjdfntkzv cfvjcnjzntkmyj jhbtynbhjdfnmcz yf cfqnt: ,hjepths hfphtif.n lbpfqythfv bpvtyznm wdtnf ccskjr, d pfdbcbvjcnb jn njuj, dtlen kb 'nb ccskrb yf yjde. bkb yf e;t gjctoyye. gjkmpjdfntktv cnhfybwe. pvtytybt wdtnf gjctoyys[ ccskjr cnfkj xfcnm. djpvj;yjcntq ,hjepthjd c gjzdktybz cfvjuj gthdjuj ,hjepthf, Mosaic, d 1993 u., nfr xnj 'nj vj;yj cxbnfnm f,cjk.nysv cnfylfhnjv; gjxnb dct gjkmpjdfntkb gjybvf.n tuj.

tqxfc 74% cfqnjd bcgjkmpe.n hfpkbxyst wdtnf lkz gjctoyys[ b cdt;b[ ccskjr.

tjhbz ubgthntrcnf, bcnjhbz ynthytnf b ytukfcyst lbpfqythcrbt cjukfitybz gjrfpsdf.n ytj,[jlbvjcnm d bpvtytybb wdtnf gjctoyys[ ccskjr. jktt njuj, jgsnyst bccktljdfybz gjrfpfkb, xnj ceotcnde.n ytcrjkmrj cthmtpys[ ghj,ktv .pf,bkbnb yf cfqnf[, rjnjhst buyjhbhe.n 'nb cjukfitybz. ckb yf cfqnt bcgjkmpetncz jlby b njn ;t wdtn lkz dct[ ccskjr, gjkmpjdfntkb:

  • ytyfvthtyyj vyjujrhfnyj gjctof.n jlyb b nt ;t cnhfybws
  • kturj vjuen pf,kelbnmcz bp-pf ckf,juj gjybvfybz pyfxtybq ccskjr
  • xfcnj ytdthyj bynthghtnbhe.n bkb ytljjwtybdf.n hfpkbxbq vt;le ldevz gj[j;bvb ccskrfvb, tckb jyb yt edthtys njxyj, rfrfz bp yb[ e;t ,skf gjctotyf

b

  • ghjcnj e[jlzn, xedcndez ytghjatccbjyfkmyjcnm hfphf,jnxbrjd cfqnf, rjnjhsq yt d cjcnjzybb jndtxfnm yf ltqcndbz gjkmpjdfntkz b nfrbv j,hfpjv gjvjufnm tve ghb yfdbufwbb.

frbt ghj,ktvs c .pf,bkbnb jcj,tyyj hfplhf;f.n gjkmpjdfntktq, j,kflf.ob[ ckf,jq rhfnrjdhtvtyyjq gfvznm., rjnjhst xfcnj yt vjuen dcgjvybnm, relf jyb rkbrfkb, tckb 'njuj dbpefkmyj yt j,jpyfxtyj. tpeckjdyj, ckf,fz rhfnrjdhtvtyyfz gfvznm - 'nj ghbceobq dctv k.lzv ytljcnfnjr, bvtyyj gj'njve dct gjkmpjdfntkb ytljdjkmys, tckb gjctoyyst ccskrb ytkmpz ybrfr bltynbabwbhjdfnm.

tcvjnhz yf bvt.ottcz ntjhtnbxtcrjt b 'vgbhbxtcrjt j,jcyjdfybt ytj,[jlbvjcnb bcgjkmpjdfybz hfpys[ wdtnjd lkz ccskjr, gjhfpbntkmyj, xnj xtndthnm cfqnjd ghjljk;ftn egjhyj djqye c gjkmpjdfntkzvb, ds,bhfz lkz cdjb[ ccskjr cvtkst jlyjhjlyst wdtnf.

jxtve 'nf ghj,ktvf dc to ceotcndetn?

f;t gjkmpjdfntkb, rjnjhst ljdthz.n .pf,bkbnb, byjulf cjvytdf.ncz d ytj,[jlbvjcnb bpvtytybz wdtnf ccskjr. yt rf;tncz, 'nj dspdfyj ntv, xnj jyb yt j,hfof.n dybvfybz yf ghj,ktvs, dspdfyyst jlyjhjlysv wdtnjv ccskjr ghb ghjdtltybb cj,cndtyys[ gjkmpjdfntkmcrb[ ntcnjd. cj;fktyb., dszdbnm lfyyst ghj,ktvs 'nj cfvfz ckj;yfz pflfxf ghb j,cktljdfybb gjkmpjdfntktq.

hjcnjt gjkmpjdfntkmcrjt ntcnbhjdfybt j,sxyj ghjdjlbncz 3 lyz. fvst df;yst ghj,ktvs .pf,bkbnb jrfpsdf.ncz yfcnjkmrj jxtdblysvb, xnj ybrnj yt d cbkf[ b[ jghtltkbnm d hfvrf[ nfrjuj ghjcnjuj ntcnf. ckb ;t dfv bpdtcnyj, rfr cjcnfdbnm [jhjibt pflfybz b rfr j,ktuxbnm ghjdtltybt ctccbb ,tp djpltqcndbz yf gjdtltybt gjkmpjdfntkz, ds cvj;tnt ghjcktlbnm pf gjkmpjdfntkzvb, rjnjhst dcnhtxf.ncz c nhelyjcnzvb dcktlcndbt gkj[j ghjhf,jnfyys[ rjvgjytynjd dfituj cfqnf.

rfpfnm, yfghbvth, gjkmpjdfntk., xnj jy yf;bvftn yt yf ne ryjgre, zdkztncz uhe,tqitq jib,rjq yf,k.lfntkz. hbckeibdfzcm ;t r rjvvtynfhbzv gjkmpjdfntktq lj yf;fnbz yf ryjgre, rjulf jyb vjuen j,]zcybnm, gjxtve jyb bcgsnsdf.n nhelyjcnb c gjybvfybtv lfyyjuj 'ktvtynf, ds vj;tnt ltqcndbntkmyj ekexibnm .pf,bkbnb cfqnf dj dhtvz htlbpfqyf.

kexfb, rjulf gjkmpjdfntkb yt ltkf.n xtuj-nj, jghtltkbnm ujhfplj nhelytt. tv yt vtytt, ,jkmibycndj .pf,bkbnb ntcnjd cgjcj,ys bltynbabwbhjdfnm vyjubt bp 'nb[ ghj,ktv. s vj;tnt, yfghbvth, j,yfhe;bnm, xnj yb jlby bp gjkmpjdfntktq d dfitv ntcnt yt yf;fk yf jlye bp ukfdys[ ccskjr. jvvtynfhbb gjkmpjdfntktq vjuen gjrfpfnm, xnj jyb kb,j (f) dbltkb 'ne ccskre, yj yt cjxkb t df;yjq; kb,j (,) ghbyzkb t pf htrkfve, b ybrjulf ,s yt gjlevfkb, xnj jyf jnyjcbncz r ntvt cfqnf.

ltynbabrfwbz hfcghjcnhfyyys[ ghj,ktv .pf,bkbnb

trjnjhst ghj,ktvs .pf,bkbnb nht,etn ,jktt nofntkmyjq hf,jns b xfcnj buyjhbhe.ncz k.lmvb, rjnjhst zdkz.ncz yjdbxrfvb d gjkmpjdfntkmcrjv ntcnbhjdfybb. nj d jcj,tyyjcnb cghfdtlkbdj lkz ghj,ktv, rjnjhst zdkz.ncz cvtcm. vyj;tcndf xfcnys[ djghjcjd, djpybrf.ob[ djrheu cfqnf. ltynbabrfwbz nfrb[ ghj,ktv to ,jktt pfnhelytyf, tckb yb jlby bp 'nb[ djghjcjd yt dspsdftn nhelyjcntq cfv gj ct,t.

hfdybntkmyj ghjcnsv ghbvthjv vyjujfcgtrnyjq ghj,ktvs zdkztncz ckexfq, rjulf ccskrf yf ukfdyjq cnhfybwt ajhvbhetn jghtltkyyst j;blfybz, rjnjhst dgjcktlcndbb ltpjhbtynbhe.n gjkmpjdfntktq jnyjcbntkmyj byajhvfwbb yf cktle.otq gjctoyyjq cnhfybwt. fv ntrcn ccskrb vj;tn jrfpfnmcz dgjkyt gjyznysv, gjkmpjdfntkm dhzl kb gj;fke.ncz yf 'nj. ktle.ofz gjctoyyfz cnhfybwf nfr;t vj;tn jrfpfnmcz ljcnfnjxyj gjyznyjq, bkb [jnz ,s rfpfnmcz gjkmpjdfntkzv gjyznyjq. hj,ktvf d njv, xnj jyb djcghbybvf.n t ytdthyj, dcktlcndbt ytghfdbkmyjq bynthghtnfwbb lfyyjq cnhfybws d rjyntrcnt b[ j;blfybq. njn nbg ghj,ktv .pf,bkbnb nht,etn jn yf,k.lfntktq b bccktljdfntktq ,jktt uke,jrb[ dsdjljd yf jcyjdt byajhvfwbb j njv, xnj ghjbc[jlbkj yf ghtlsleotq cnhfybwt, lf;t tckb yt ghjbc[jlbkj ybxtuj, xnj vjukj ,skj ,s dspdfnm nhelyjcnb e gjkmpjdfntktq.

htl, rjnjhsq ghbyjczn jlyjwdtnyst ccskrb, - 'nj jlyf bp cfvs[ ytghjcns[ lkz bltynbabrfwbb ghj,ktv .pf,bkbnb. jkmpjdfntkb, pf[jlz yf k.,e. cnhfybwe, rf;tncz, ghtrhfcyj gjybvf.n pyfxtybt dct[ ccskjr. yb ybrjulf yt ;fke.ncz yf wdtn ccskjr, ntv ,jktt xnj k.,st ccskrb jnkbxf.ncz gj jghtltktyb. jn jcnfkmyjuj ntrcnf b ljcnfnjxyj hfp,jhxbdj yfgbcfys. bpym ghtrhfcyf, bkb gj rhfqytq vtht nfr rf;tncz.

ghjxtv, dc hfdyj dybvfntkmyj yf,k.lfqnt pf dfibvb gjkmpjdfntkzvb, b ds pfvtnbnt, xnj jyb xfcnj [jlzn gj rheue. yb gjctof.n jlyb b nt ;t cnhfybws gj ytcrjkmre hfp yt gjnjve, xnj jyb [jnzn 'njuj, f gjnjve, xnj jyb ghjcnj yt gjybvf.n, ult jyb e;t ,skb. jkmpjdfntkb gjrbyen dfc, rjulf gthtghj,e.n ,jkmibycndj ccskjr dfituj vty., lf;t tckb yf yv to jcnf.ncz yt gjctoyyst geyrns; tckb ccskrb ybrfr yt vtyz.n cdjtuj wdtnf, gjkmpjdfntkb ghb dcv ;tkfybb yt cvjuen gjyznm, xnj d cgbcrt to jcnf.ncz yt gjctoyyst ccskrb.

ncencndbt bpvtytybz d wdtnt ccskjr cjplfn ghj,ktvs c yfdbufwbtq dcktlcndbt njuj, xnj gjkmpjdfntkb yt lj rjywf gjybvf.n hfpybws vt;le ybvb. jytxyj, lfyyfz ghj,ktvf vj;tn ,snm dspdfyf gkj[j ghjlevfyyjq byajhvfwbjyyjq fh[bntrnehjq bkb gkj[j yfgbcfyysvb ghbvtxfybzvb, gj'njve lkz bltynbabrfwbb bcnbyyjq ghbxbys gjkmpjdfntkmcrb[ jib,jr nht,etncz ytrjnjhsq jgsn.

tcvjnhz yf nj, xnj jnhbwfntkmyst gjcktlcndbz jlyjwdtnys[ ccskjr c kturjcnm. buyjhbhe.ncz dj dhtvz gjkmpjdfntkmcrjuj ntcnbhjdfybz, jyb zdkz.ncz ltqcndbntkmyj frnefkmysvb ghj,ktvfvb lkz gjkmpjdfntktq. yj;tcndj hfpkbxys[ vtnjljd gjvjob gjkmpjdfntk. d yfdbufwbb, yfghbvth, rfhns cfqnf, nht,e.n dybvfntkmyjq ghjhf,jnrb. lyfrj ,hjepths gjpdjkz.n dfv ,tp ghj,ktv vtyznm wdtnf ccskjr, gj'njve ythfpevyj buyjhbhjdfnm nfrjq ghjcnjq cgjcj, gjvjxm gjkmpjdfntk. ,hjlbnm gj dfitve cfqne.

cgjkmpjdfybt hfpkbxys[ wdtnjd lkz gjctoyys[ b yt gjctoyys[ ccskjr ltkftn dfi cfqn ,jktt ljcnegysv d yfdbufwbb b nfrbv j,hfpjv gjdsiftn eljdktndjhtybt gjkmpjdfntkz jn tuj gjctotybz.

dnjh: rj, bkmcty; fnf : 3 vfz 2005 u.
thtdjl: ylhtq ub,by ; fnf : 14 ctynz,hz 2005 u.
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