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bvyfpbz 45 tgfhnfvtynf j,hfpjdfybz u. jcrds jlyjq bp gthds[ drk.xbkfcm d ghjwtcc byajhvfnbpfwbb j,hfpjdfybz - tot d 1985 ujle ,sk hfpdthyen gthdsq rjvgm.nthysq rkfcc. nt[ gjh bvyfpbz 45 ecnjqxbdj lth;bncz d xbckt kblthjd gj bcgjkmpjdfyb. byajhvfwbjyys[ nt[yjkjubq () d vjcrjdcrjv j,hfpjdfybb. hfteujkmyst rfvyb rjhgjhfnbdyjq -chtls ubvyfpbb:

- dctj[dfnsdf.ofz rf,tkmyfz ctnm yf dbnjq gfht,
- eybdthcfkmyst ctntdst cthdbcs yf jcyjdt Novell eDirectiry
- elj,yst b yflt;yst rkbtyncrbt vtcnf yf ,fpt Mac OS X rjvgm.nthjd Apple
- gjhnfk ubvyfpbb cj,cndtyyjuj ghjbpdjlcndf yf jcyjdt ,b,kbjntr WebObjects

julf ghbikf gjhf bynthytn-nt[yjkjubq, vs hfpdthyekb cdjb bynthytn-htcehcs. lyfrj, xtv lfkmit, ntv ,jkmit joeofkcz ghtcc ghj,ktv - lkz gjllth;rb yfib[ htcehcjd cnfkj nht,jdfnmcz dct ,jkmit dhtvtyb b rdfkbabrfwbb: hfymit vs pfdbctkb njkmrj jn cdjb[ cjnhelybrjd b extybrjd, f c ds[jljv d ynthytn ye;yj ,skj levfnm b j dytiyb[ gjnht,bntkz[. j vtht ghbdsrfybz yjdst bynthytn-htcehcs ghtdhfnbkbcm bp ghbznyjuj ljgjkytybz irjkmyjq ;bpyb d hf,jxbq bycnhevtyn, f nt[yjkjubxtcrbt ghj,ktvs - d eprjt vtcnj hf,jxtuj ghjwtccf.

j'njve yfc chfpe pfbynthtcjdfkf byajhvfwbz j njv, xnj Google - bpdtcnysq kblth cnhfys ynthytn - ghtlkfuftn yf cdjtv ghjcnhfycndt hfpdthyenm rjhgjhfnbdyst , ghbxtv lkz j,hfpjdfntkmys[ exht;ltybq ,tcgkfnyj. dnjhbntn b lbyfvbrf hfpdbnbz Google dyeifkb ljdthbt d ljkujchjxyjcnm ghtlkfuftvs[ eckeu.

nj yfc ghbdktrkj:

- yflt;yjcnm
- htcehcs [hfytybz (hfpvth gjxnjdjuj zobrf e;t njulf ,sk 2 )
- rdfkbabwbhjdfyyfz b ,tcgkfnyfz nt[ybxtcrfz gjllth;rf
- cjdhtvtyyst b hfpyjj,hfpyst -htcehcs.

j ,skb b jgfctybz:

- ,elen kb cjxtnfnmcz yjdst htcehcs c ceotcnde.obvb?
- yfcrjkmrj ckj;yj j,tcgtxbnm 'ne cjxtnftvjcnm?

yfkbp djpvj;yjcntq gjrfpfk, xnj ghj,ktvs tcnm, yj gthcgtrnbds hfpuheprb nt[cke;,s b hfpdbnbz htcehcjd ,tp yfituj exfcnbz vfybkb. j'njve vs jnghfdbkb d cke;,e gjllth;rb Google cdjb pfvtxfybz b yfxfkb ujnjdbnmcz r gthtdjle rjhgjhfnbdyjq gjxns. thtp gfhe vtczwtd jrfpfkjcm, xnj xfcnm yfib[ pfvtxfybq vj;yj htfkbpjdfnm c gjvjom. ghjuhfvvys[ bynthatqcjd (API). hfdlf, ,tp ghjuhfvvbcnjd, rjnjhst dtlen e yfc hfphf,jnrb gjhnfkf ubvyfpbb, vs ,s yt cvjukb djcgjkmpjdfnmcz 'njq djpvj;yjcnm..

jxnf

s ecgtiyj crhtcnbkb fdnjhbpfwb. Google c cj,cndtyyjq ctntdjq cnhernehjq LDAP b pfdtkb gjxnjdst zobrb cjnhelybrjd. cnfkjcm njkmrj bpvtybnm yfcnhjqrb DNS - voila: j,hfofzcm gj cnfhjve ghbdsxyjve flhtce b ddjlz ghbdsxyst ctntdst bvtyf/ gfhjkb yfib exbntkz gjgflf.n d yjdst rjhgjhfnbdyst gjxnjdst zobrb yf Google.

kz j,sxyjuj exbntkz yjdsq bynthatqc - ijr, yj ghb gjkyjq cvtyt dctuj yfv ,s ghbikjcm ceotcndtyyj ckj;ytt!

- yfxfkf vyjubt "rhenbkb yjcjv", htpfkj ukfp ckjdj "zhksr", yj dcrjht jrfpfkjcm, xnj d 'njv tcnm elj,cndj.

- fkm, ytkmpz gjcnhjbnm bthfh[bxtcre. cnhernehe zhksrjd, rfr 'nj ghbdsrkb ltkfnm c gfgrfvb, yj pfnj jlyj gbcmvj vj;yj hfpytcnb gj hfpysv ghbpyfrfv.

- rfr gjyhfdbkbcm flvbybcnhfwbb cgbcrb hfccskrb!

- ujhxbkf lbcrhbvbyfwbz heccrjuj zpsrf gj bcgjkmpjdfyb. rjhgjhfnbdyjq flhtcyjq rybub - jyf ljcnegyf njkmrj yf fyukbqcrjv zpsrt,- jcnftncz yflt;lf yf ,scnhjt hfpdbnbt.

- xtym gjhfljdfkf dct[ djpvj;yjcnm rjycjkblbhjdfnm d yjdjv zobrt cnfhst gjxnjdst zobrb b lf;t jndtxfnm cj cnfhs[ flhtcjd, jcnfdfzcm d yjdjv.

- ot yt dct jwtybkb djpvj;yjcnm ghjxbnfnm ghbcjtlbytyysq afqk, rfr HTML, [jnz relf ghbznytt cyfxfkf gjyznm, xnj d 'njv afqkt, f e;t gjnjv ghbybvfnm htitybt: crfxbdfnm tuj bkb ytn.

fktylfhm

"tkmpz j,]znm ytj,]znyjt,"- k.,bk gjdnjhznm jpmvf henrjd. j'njve, jcdfbdfz yjde. gjxne, vs ytnthgtkbdj gjukzlsdfkb yf ccskre "fktylfhm". jve, rfr yt irjkmysv hf,jnybrfv, gjuhzpibv dj dctdjpvj;ys[ hfcgbcfybz[, yt gjybvfnm elj,cndj rfktylfhyjq ajhvs?

- yfxfkf cjplfkb rfktylfhm "lvbybcnhfnbdyst vthjghbznbz". ytuj yfxfkb dyjcbnm cjdtofybz b gtlcjdtns - f bpdtotybz j yb[ cnfkb frrehfnyj ghb[jlbnm dctv exfcnybrfv, xnj,s jyb yt pf,skb, tckb rnj-nj yt gjcvjnhtk d rfktylfhm.

- jnjv gjzdbkcz rfktylfhm c uhfabrjv ghbcencndbz cjnhelybrjd nt[cke;,s - e yfc 'nbv pfybvf.ncz dsgecrybrb-cneltyns dj dytext,yjt dhtvz.

- hfrnbxtcrb chfpe d njq ;t ajhvt cltkfkb rfktylfhm pfzdjr nt[cke;,s, xnj gjpdjkztn k.,jve pfzdbntk. edbltnm afrn ghbyznbz pfzdrb r bcgjkytyb., ghjcktlbnm gj rjvvtynfhbzv dtcm ghjwtcc b edbltnm htpekmnfn.

- jpvj;yjcnm cltkfnm ccskre b hfpvtcnbnm tt yf cfqnt dyt htcehcjd Google gjpdjkztn bcgjkmpjdfnm rfktylfhb b ,tp extnyjq pfgbcb Google, tckb byajhvfwbz j,otljcnegyfz. fnj dyenhtyyzz byajhvfwbz vj;tn ,snm pfrhsnf d hfvrf[ ubvyfpbb.

jrevtyns b nf,kbws

fbvtymibq bynthtc j,sxyj dspsdf.n htcehcs "jrevtyns b nf,kbws", n.r. dctv rf;tncz, xnj 'nj cjdthityyj yt ye;yj ltkfnm dyt ghbdsxys[ Word/ Excel/ PowerPoint. lyfrj, 'nj yt cjdctv nfr.

- j-gthds[, gjckt bpdtcnyjuj crfylfkf c gthvcrbv lbhtrnjhjv vyjubt cnfkb pf,jnbnmcz j kbwtypbjyyjq xbcnjnt ghjuhfvvyjuj j,tcgtxtybz irjks. cnfyjdrf jnrhsnjuj ghjuhfvvyjuj j,tcgtxtybz, rjytxyj, cgfcftn, yj ntv, rnj bvttn gjcnjzyysq ljcneg d ynthytn, vj;yj yt ltkfnm 'njuj, f bcgjkmpjdfnm htcehcs Google.

- j-dnjhs[, irjkmyjve exbntk. dct xfot nht,etncz ge,kbrjdfnm lkz extybrjd hfpye. byajhvfwb.: j,]zdktybz, pflfybz b lh.

- xbntkz j,sxyj yt evt.n ujnjdbnm ljrevtyns d HTML - yfb,jktt elj,yjv lkz ge,kbrfwbb d ynthytn ajhvfnt. ckb ;t gjlujnjdbnm ljrevtyn ghzvj d htcehct "jrevtyns b nf,kbws" bkb pfuhepbnm nelf hfytt gjlujnjdktyyst ghbdsxysv j,hfpjv afqks Word/ Excel, jcnftncz njkmrj gjckfnm ccskre yf yb[ - gjkexftncz jxtym uhfvjnyj b elj,yj c gjpbwbb f,jhbutyjd ynthytn.

- -nhtnmb[, djpvj;yf cjdvtcnyfz hf,jnf c 'nbvb ljrevtynfvb, rfr 'nj ghbyznj d kjrfkmyjq ctnb. ljcneg ub,rj htuekbhetncz fdnjhjv.

nfhnjdfz rjhgjhfnbdyfz cnhfybwf

jpvj;yjcnb web-cnhfybxrb b cnfhnjdjq rjhgjhfnbdyjq cnhfybxrb vs gjrf yt jxtym frnbdyj bpexfkb, n.r. e yfc tcnm cdjq ghbdsxysq gjhnfk c ,jkmibv rjkbxtcndjv byajhvfwbb b rkfccysvb ;ehyfkfvb. s cltkfkb yf cnfhnjdjq cnhfybwt gjl,jhre yjdjcntq gj j,hfpjdfntkmyjq ntvfnbrt, yj jwtybnm tt gjktpyjcnm lkz cjnhelybrjd gjrf ckj;yj.

tuj yt [dfnftn

fv jxtym ghbznyj, xnj yfb,jktt djcnht,jdfyyst gjnht,yjcnb vs vj;tv ,tppfcntyxbdj djpkj;bnm yf Google. s tot yt dct bp ljcnegys[ djpvj;yjcntq jcdjbkb, jlyfrj, rfr bpdtcnyj, yfukjcnm yt pyftn uhfybw. fv yt [dfnftn d rjhgjhfnbdys[ htcehcf[ djpvj;yjcntq, rjnjhst e;t tcnm lkz xfcnyjuj bcgjkmpjdfybz:

- ,kjujd
- uheggjdjq hf,jns
- irjkmys[ ajnj- b dbltjfh[bdjd.

nj,s yt nthznm djpvj;yjcnm bcgjkmpjdfybz 'nb[ htcehcjd, ytrjnjhst exbntkz b flvbybcnhfnjhs cjplfkb kbxyst extnyst pfgbcb b pfdtkb hzl htcehcjd - ext,yst, vtnjlbxtcrbt b nt[yjkjubxtcrbt ,kjub b uheggs - yj ,skj ,s ceotcndtyyj elj,ytt b kjubxytt hf,jnfnm c ybvb d hfvrf[ rjhgjhfnbdyjuj ljvtyf.

xfcnyjcnb, rjulf ghbikjcm chjxyj bpj,htnfnm cgjcj, djcgjkybnm dfrfycb. exbntkz abpbrb, jlybv bp bycnhevtynjd cnfk ,kju, d rjnjhjv gj ujhzxbv cktlfv ge,kbrjdfkcz rhfnrbq gkfy-rjycgtrn ehjrjd b jgthfnbdyfz byajhvfwbz lkz exfob[cz. skf djpvj;yjcnm djcgjkybnm ytljcnfnjr j,otybz xthtp rjvvtynfhbb ,kjuf, yj t. yt djcgjkmpjdfkbcm - crfpfkfcm gcb[jkjubxtcrfz ytljhf,jnrf exbntkz bkb ytujnjdyjcnm exfob[cz r nfrjve j,otyb..

tuj yt cnfkb ltkfnm

s yt cnfkb pfdjlbnm gjxnjdst zobrb lkz extybrjd, [jnz Google frnbdyj ghbpsdftn r 'njve.

lyj bp rk.xtds[ ghtbveotcnd rjhgjhfnbdys[ htcehcjd - hfcghjcnhfytybt ghfd ljcnegf r byajhvfwbb d hfvrf[ dctuj ljvtyf. fv elj,ytt yt dyjcbnm extybrjd d ljvty, xnj,s yt levfnm j hfcghtltktybb ljcnegf r byajhvfwbb c extnjv djpvj;yjcnb ghbj,otybz r ytq extybrjd.

s gjckfkb d Google ghtlkj;tybt j cjplfybb gjlljvtyjd lkz rf;ljuj rkfccf bkb gjnjrf - njulf yf 'nb gjlljvtys vj;yj ,skj hfcghjcnhfyznm rfrbt-nj ghfdf b ltktubhjdfnm ghfdj flvbybcnhbhjdfybz b[, yfghbvth, rkfccyjve herjdjlbntk.. cj;fktyb., gjrf gjlj,yst djpvj;yjcnb yt htfkbpjdfys.

s j,levsdfkb djpvj;yjcnm cjplfnm lkz rf;ljuj rkfccf bkb gjnjrf cdjq jnltkmysq ljvty, yj njulf pfnhelytyj byajhvfwbjyyjt dpfbvjltqcndbt vt;le extybxtcrbvb ljvtyfvb b jcyjdysv ljvtyjv.

wtkjv vs ljdjkmys ghtlkj;tyysvb djpvj;yjcnzvb, yj c ytnthgtybtv ;ltv b[ hfpdbnbz. gjrf j,exftv cjnhelybrjd bcgjkmpjdfyb. njuj, xnj elfkjcm dytlhbnm d rjhgjhfnbdye. -chtle ubvyfpbb.

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