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f cktle.otq cnflbb hfpdbnbz bynthytnf gjkmpjdfntkb ,elen yt njkmrj cfvb ghjbpdjlbnm rjyntyn, yj b cthnbabwbhjdfnm tuj

bynthytn, bv[j, web 2.0, heytn / djk.wbz hfpdbnbz ctnb bynthytn, rfr tt ghtlcnfdkztn jlby bp bltjkjujd Web 3.0 (ctvfynbxtcrbq Web) jdf gbdfr. cnjxybr: radarnetwork.com
djk.wbz hfpdbnbz ctnb bynthytn, rfr tt ghtlcnfdkztn jlby bp bltjkjujd Web 3.0 (ctvfynbxtcrbq Web) jdf gbdfr. cnjxybr: radarnetwork.com

thtp vt[fybpv htqnbyuf rjvvthxtcrfz kjubrf yfxbyftn eghfdkznm ghjbpdjlcndjv ndjhxtcrb[ ghjbpdtltybq, endth;lfk bpdtcnysq ahfywepcrbq cjwbjkju mth ehlmt. lyfrj df;yj yt pf,sdfnm, xnj dct ndjhxtcrbt ghjbpdtltybz, rjnjhst z cxbnf. b rjnjhst vyjubt k.lb cxbnf.n cfvsvb dscjrbvb ghjbpdtltybzvb d j,kfcnb uevfybnfhys[ yfer, vfntvfnbrb, gj'pbb, kbnthfnehs, abkjcjabb, ,skb cjplfys djghtrb 'rdbdfktyne htqnbyuf, djghtrb rjvvthxtcrjq kjubrt. nj dgjkyt, rfpfkjcm ,s, jxtdblyjt endth;ltybt ctujlyz vj;tn ,snm jghjdthuyenj hfpdbnbtv bynthytn-nt[yjkjubq rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb: gjkmpjdfntkb yt njkmrj ghjbpdjlzn rjyntyn (c 'njq pflfxtq ecgtiyj cghfdkztncz, yfghbvth, ,ehyj hfphfcnf.ofzcz ,kjujcathf), yj b cthnbabwbhe.n tuj, jn,bhfz nj, c xtv bvttn cvsck pyfrjvbnmcz. j tcnm htxm bltn j htqnbyut rfr bycnbnent gjnht,bntkmcrjq 'rcgthnbps d dblt htrjvtylfntkmys[ cthdbcjd.

thdsq d jccbb vfcinf,ysq htrjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc, 'rcgthnye. hf,jne d rjnjhjv dsgjkyz.n cfvb gjkmpjdfntkb, v[jytn. nc.lf f,,htdbfnehf d yfpdfybb cbcntvs (ecnjqxbdsq j,jhjn In My Humble Opinion gj vjtve crhjvyjve vytyb. b net ctnm, ctnm kbxys[ vytybq). gthcgtrnbdf[ nt[yjkjubq rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb d ,tctlt c jndtncndtyysv htlfrnjhjv ghbkj;tybz -yferf hfccrfpsdftn eghfdkz.obq htrjvtylfntkmysv cthdbcjv v[jytn, ghjatccjh jcelfhcndtyyjuj eybdthcbntnf scifz irjkf 'rjyjvbrb ktrcfylh jkuby.

ktrcfylh jhbcjdbx, d jlyjv bp cdjb[ dscnegktybq ds lftnt [fhfrnthbcnbre htrjvtylfntkmyjve cthdbce: v[jytn 'nj yt njkmrj htrjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc, yj b cjwbfkmyfz ctnm yjdjuj gjrjktybz: cjj,otcndf gj drecfv b bynthtcfv ajhvbhe.ncz pltcm d fdnjvfnbpbhjdfyyjv ht;bvt. j djn fkthbq fhlby, xtkjdtr, cnjzdibq e bcnjrjd heytnf, ujdjhbn: eyrwbjyfkmyj ybrfrb[ yjds[ vjltktq yt ,skj ghtlkj;tyj. e rhjvt ,kjujcaths. f;t ctntdst ajhevs d ljdt,jdcre. 'gj[e ,skb hfpdbns yt [e;t. f gjkmpjdfntkt 'njn ht,htylbyu gjxnb ybrfr yt jnhf;ftncz. j'njve Web 2.0 vj;yj cxbnfnm vfhrtnbyujdj-[elj;tcndtyyj-bcnjhbxtcrbv gjyznbtv, b yt ,jktt njuj.

s cjukfcys c nfrjq jwtyrjq cnjkm vjlys[ cjwbfkmys[ ctntq, bkb, rfr ctujlyz ghbyznj b[ yfpsdfnm, Web 2.0? nyjcbnt kb ds v[jytn r cjwbfkmysv ctnzv?

v[jytn 'nj Web 3.0. jgsnf.cm j,]zcybnm, d xtv cenm b jnkbxbt 'njuj gjrjktybz jn ghtlsleotuj. Web 2.0 gj jghtltktyb. 'nj user generated content, gjghjcne ujdjhz gjkmpjdfntkmcrfz [elj;tcndtyyfz cfvjltzntkmyjcnm. t ghjatccbjyfks, f j,sxyst k.lb gjcnfdkz.n yf cfqns rjyntyn cdjb kbxyst lytdybrjdst yf,k.ltybz, cfvjltkmyst ajnjuhfabb, dbltjhjkbrb. cfvb ;t gjnht,kz.n ndjhtybz lheu lheuf.

gjlj,yjq cbnefwbb tcnm jghtltktyyst bplth;rb. cdjt dhtvz kflbckfd jlfctdbx dtk gj'nbxtcrbq rhe;jr lkz htdjk.wbjyys[ vfnhjcjd. rfrjq-nj vjvtyn nt cfvb yfxfkb cjxbyznm b ltrkfvbhjdfnm dbhib, yf[dfkbdfz lheu lheuf. julf jlfctdbx b[ gjghfdkzk, yjdjzdktyysv cjxbybntkzv 'nj yt yhfdbkjcm, dscjrbt 'nfkjys ,skb bv yt ye;ys b jlfctdbx nj;t.

lyfrj Web 2.0 'rjyjvbxtcrb dsbuhsity rfr vfufpby cfvjj,cke;bdfybz, ult yt yflj lth;fnm ghjlfdwf. b nt,t nhfn yf cnelbb b ntkt,hbufls, yb ujyjhfhys[ dsgkfn. kj;bcm jlyjrhfnyj d bynthytn-gkjoflre b rjyntyn gjqltn cfvjntrjv, tckb k.ltq xnj-nj pfwtgbn d dfitq pflevrt. f, d wtkjv, cfvjgfkmysq rjyntyn yt f[nb rfrjuj rfxtcndf, gjikjdfnsq b lbrjdfnsq. j ytcnm xbckf j[jnybrfv d ytv rjgfnmcz, ghjctbdfz gecne. gjhjle b dswt;bdfz ,hbkkbfynbrb. [ dybvfybt ghtj,hfpetncz d cjjndtncnde.obt htrkfvyst lj[jls. t,ldfyjktdcrfz c[tvf pfhf,jnfkf ,kfujlfhz vbpthysv bplth;rfv [hfytybz b gthtlfxt byajhvfwbb d bynthytnt. rkflcrbt gjvtotybz lkz wbahjds[ lfyys[ ,tphfpvthys b ltitds. njhjq ehjdtym rjkktrnbdyjq jhufybpfwbb d bynthytnt 'nj dbrb-nt[yjkjubb, rjulf k.lb j,]tlbyz.ncz gjl akfujv rfrjq-kb,j bltb b cjj,of gtcne.n rjylbwbjyysq ghjlern. nj vj;tn jrfpfnmcz gjhfpbntkmyj ghjlernbdysv, rfr, yfghbvth, d j,otcndtyyjq 'ywbrkjgtlbb brbgtlbb, yfl gjgjkytybtv rjnjhjq ,jr j ,jr nhelzncz pyfnjr, ljcrjyfkmyj dkflt.obq ghtlvtnjv, b xtkjdtr, gjghfdbdibq ult-nj pfgzne..

cnfnb, ceotcndetn vytybt, xnj brbgtlbz yt ecnegftn gj rfxtcnde hbnfycrjq 'ywbrkjgtlbb. j rhfqytq vtht rjkbxtcndj j,yfhe;tyys[ jib,jr b d njq, b d lheujq chfdybvj.

t ,thecm celbnm j rfxtcndt dbrb-byajhvfwbb gj dctve rheue vfnthbfkjd, yj nfv, relf z pfukzlsdfk, jyj ,skj yf dscjnt. julf j, 'njq bybwbfnbdt pfujdjhbkb, z d ytt yt dthbk, cxbnfz, xnj bp 100 cj,fr yt cktgbim jlyjuj kmdf. tdjpvj;yj d crkflxbye yfgbcfnm fecnf. rfpsdftncz, rfrbt-nj yt cnjkm ckj;yst gj ecnhjqcnde dtob vj;yj cjplfnm ,hbuflysv vtnjljv. ,jkmijv bcreccndt nfrbv cgjcj,jv vj;yj dsqnb hfpdt xnj yf ehjdtym rfgecnybrf. j tcnm ckexfb, rjulf rjyntyn, cjplfyysq ghjcnsvb gjkmpjdfntkzvb, dscjrj rjyrehtynty gj chfdytyb. c ghjatccbjyfkmysv. xfcnyjcnb, ctujlyz rf;lsq j,kflfntkm cjnjdjuj ntktajyf cfv ct,t ajnjljrevtynfkbcn. brfrb[ ,.l;tnjd yt yfgfctimcz, xnj,s yfyznm rjhhtcgjyltynjd b ecktlbnm pf dctvb bynthtcysvb cj,snbzvb d vbht. lj,hjdjkmws djktq j,cnjzntkmcnd cnfyjdzncz jxtdblwfvb, jyb dctulf yfxtre, b jn yb[ ybxtuj yt ecrjkmpftn yb c[jl kfdbys, yb ,eqcndf ;bdjnys[, yb ljhj;yjt ghjbcitcndbt, yb rfpym lbrnfnjhf. ybvfz dct 'nj yf ajnj b dbltj b ghtl]zdkzz ge,kbxyj, gjkmpjdfntkb lf.n ;bpym nfrbv vtufgjgekzhysv cthdbcfv, rfr YouTube, ult yfb,jktt elfxkbds[ ;ltn gjknjhs vbyens ckfds.

hj,ktvf d jlyjv: ,kfujlfhz lbubnfkmyjq htdjk.wbb ghjwtccs cfvjdshf;tybz b ge,kbrfwbb cdjtuj ndjhxtcndf eghjcnbkbcm yfcnjkmrj, xnj ntgthm dczrbq lhj;fobq bvttn ghfdj. ,tpjcnfyjdjxyj, lf;t ,tccjdtcnyj (!) bv gjkmpetncz. ,hfpe.ncz ubufyncrbt nthhbrjys rjyntynf. nj ltkfnm c 'nbvb jndfkfvb vbrhjndjhxtcrjuj ghjwtccf? fr yfqnb nj, xnj ltqcndbntkmyj bynthtcetn? rjkmrj ye;yj gjcvjnhtnm hjkbrjd, xnj,s yfnryenmcz yf [jhjibq, crjkmrj ghj,t;fnm ukfpfvb fytrljnjd, xnj,s hfccvtznmcz?

fytt jghtltktyysq ehjdtym rfxtcndf ufhfynbhjdfkf ghjatccbjyfkmyfz bycnfywbz bycnbnen rhbnbrb. yf jn,bhfkf nt[, rjve ltktubhjdfyj ghfdj ujkjcf, b jghtltkzkf, e rjuj 'njn ujkjc d j,otv b wtkjv ghjatccbjyfkmyj gjcnfdkty. nj jlyf nt[yjkjubz: cyfxfkf rjyntyn ctktrwbjybhetncz, gjnjv ge,kbretncz. Web 2.0 vtyztn gjhzljr [jljd, ghtlkfufz cyfxfkf cutythbhjdfnm dctuj b vyjuj, f e; gjnjv hfp,bhfnmcz, xnj r xtve b gjxtv.

pfgecnbd nelf gjkmpjdfntkz.

f, k.lb cnfdzn jwtyrb bkb rfr-nj byfxt dshf;f.n cdjt jnyjitybt, d htpekmnfnt ajhvbhe.ncz htqnbyub. ckb pf[jxtim, vuyjdtyyj jnsotim dbltjhjkbr, rjnjhsq gjyhfdbkcz vbkkbjye .pthjd. jkmrj djn yflj kb nt,t tuj cvjnhtnm? nj b tcnm Web 2.0 d xbcnjv dblt.

v[jytn 'nj Web 3.0. y yfltkztn gjkmpjdfntkz ,jktt dscjrbv cnfnecjv, ghtlkfuftn bye. hf,jne b byjt djpyfuhf;ltybt. y gjlybvftn rjkktrnbdye. gjnht,bntkmcre. 'rcgthnbpe yf hflbrfkmyj byjq ehjdtym, yt;tkb ghbvbnbdyst htqnbyub.

tujlyz d ,kjujdjv ghjcnhfycndt vj;yj jhbtynbhjdfnmcz gj htqnbyufv, ljcnjbycndf b ytljcnfnrb rjnjhs[ bpextys dljkm b gjgthtr. hzlt ckexftd 'nj ytgkj[fz ghbcnhtkrf. j d ,jkmibycndt cdjtv dscjrjhtqnbyujdfz rekmnehyfz gj[kt,rf ,fyfkmyf ghjcnj d cbke njuj, xnj jyf ghbikfcm gj drece vbkkbjyfv. yf yt dgtxfnkztn, rfr yt cvtibn cfvsq gjgekzhysq d vbht fytrljn. skj nfrjt cgtwbfkmyjt bccktljdfybt, d rjnjhjv exfcndjdfkb ,jktt 300 nsczx xtkjdtr. yb jnhtqnbyujdfkb fytrljns, b yf gjdth[yjcnm dcgksk, eds, ljdjkmyj ghbvbnbdysq b yt jcj,tyyj cvtiyjq. rfrbv, cghfibdftncz, jy ljk;ty ,snm, xnj,s tuj gjyzkb jn vfkf lj dtkbrf dj dct[ eujkrf[ vbhf?!

v[jytn 'nj d ytrjnjhjv cvsckt fynbhtqnbyu. y ybxtuj yt echtlyztn, ybrjuj crjgjv yb c rtv yt cevvbhetn. v[jytn fdnjvfnbxtcrb jn,bhftn k.ltq jlyjuj rheuf b j,tcgtxbdftn rjvveybrfwb. vt;le drecjdsvb tlbyjvsiktyybrfvb. njn ghbywbg yfpsdftncz rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbtq (jn fyuk. collaborative cjnhelybxtcndj). .lb dscrfpsdf.n cdjb ce;ltybz gj gjdjle rfxtcndf nt[ bkb bys[ ghjlernjd b eckeu (d xfcnyjcnb, ghjbpdtltybq bcreccndf) d dblt jwtyjr. rf;ljuj xtkjdtrf j,hfpetncz yf,jh nfrb[ jwtyjr, yf jcyjdt rjnjhs[ ghjuhfvvf cnhjbn tuj ghjabkm ghtlgjxntybq. nj vjuen ,snm jwtyrb ryb;tr, rbyjabkmvjd, jntktq, htcnjhfyjd, lf;t rjcvtnbxtcrb[ cfkjyjd, rhbnbrjd, ;ehyfkbcnjd. bcntvf ajhvbhetn rheub tlbyjvsiktyybrjd, j,]tlbyzz k.ltq c cjdgflf.obvb (bkb jxtym ,kbprbvb) ghjabkzvb.

njn ghbywbg bynebnbdyj gjyznty b plhfd. ckb bp ytcrjkmrb[ cjnty ghjxbnfyys[ pf ;bpym ryb;tr jlby xtkjdtr cjdgfk c lheubv d ytcrjkmrb[ ltcznrf[ yfbvtyjdfybq 'nj, ytcjvytyyj, cdbltntkmcndetn j, b[ j,oyjcnb. tckb r njve ;t jyb jlbyfrjdj r ybv jnytckbcm, nj c ,jkmijq dthjznyjcnm. b yjdjt ghjbpdtltybt jyb hfcwtyzn c[jlysv j,hfpjv. julf gthdsq, rnj pyfrjvbncz c yjdbyrjq, dscnegftn lkz gfhnythf yflt;ysv htrjvtylfntktv. nj b tcnm ghbywbg rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb, kt;fobq d jcyjdt yfituj htrjvtylfntkmyjuj cthdbcf.

v[jytn 'nj yt htqnbyu, f gthcjyfkbpbhjdfyyfz ds,jhrf yfbkexib[ lkz rf;ljuj xtkjdtrf gjlcrfpxbrjd b gjlcrfpjr, rjnjhfz utythbhetncz fdnjvfnbxtcrb. bcntvf gjpdjkztn yf gjhzljr cyb;fnm nheljtvrjcnm gjbcrf bynthtcys[ b df;ys[ dtotq (d xfcnyjcnb, ghjbpdtltybq bcreccndf) b gjdsifnm njxyjcnm ds,jhf.

ds yt ,jbntcm, xnj njnfkmyfz 'rcgfycbz Web 3.0 rfr hfp kbibn xtkjdtrf vyjub[ ndjhxtcrb[ gjntywbq? tkjdtr gjgflftn d ytrbq rkfcnth gecnm b ,kbprb[ gj le[e k.ltq, yj dct ;t rkfcnth

tpjyyjt jgfctybt, yj k.,jq, ghjdtlz ytrjnjhjt dhtvz yf cfqnt, edblbn, xnj jyj yfghfcyj. ,]zcy. gjxtve.

j-gthds[. tn ybrfrjq jgfcyjcnb jrerkbdfybz d cjj,otcndt, gjcrjkmre rheub tlbyjvsiktyybrjd dtcmvf gjldb;ys, b[ uhfybws ghjybwftvs b hfpjvryens. yb yt yf pfvrt. p 'njuj cjj,otcndf kturj dsqnb b kturj gj cj,cndtyyjve ecvjnhtyb., dhexye. vtyznm cdjt dbhnefkmyjt ghjcnhfycndj, drk.xfz bkb bcrk.xfz bp ytuj nt[ bkb bys[ htrjvtylfntktq.

j-dnjhs[. tpekmnfnjv cthabyuf dyenhb v[jytnf zdkztncz yf,jh ghjbpdtltybq, rjnjhsvb ns pfbynthtcjdfkcz b jnkj;bk ct,t yf ryb;ye. gjkre. j vjtq ghfrnbrt 'nf ds,jhrf j,hfpetncz jxtym hfpysvb genzvb. fpjdsq fdnjvfnbxtcrbt htrjvtylfwbb cfvjuj cthdbcf. j tcnm b lheubt cgjcj,s. j;yj pfqnb d hfpltk htvbb, gjcvjnhtnm, yfghbvth, kfehtfnjd thkbycrjuj rbyjatcnbdfkz 2006 ujlf b gjcnfdbnm vtnre yf pfbynthtcjdfdibq abkmv. julf jy fdnjvfnbxtcrb gjgfltn yf gthcjyfkmye. ryb;ye. gjkre, ult ,eltn lj;blfnmcz cdjtuj xfcf.

djn tot cgjcj, ds[jlf bp uthvtnbxyjq, rfr ds jgfcftntcm, uheggs (nfrb[ vfhihenjd d ghbywbgt yt jlby b yt ldf). jgecnbv, z jwtybk ryb;re thuttyrj bpym d htdytv bvt b db;e d cbcntvt tot nht[ xtkjdtr, rjnjhst nfr ;t, rfr b z, jwtybkb 'ne pyfrjde. lkz vtyz hf,jne yf ltcznre (nj tcnm vfrcbvfkmyj dscjrj). nb nhjt djdct yt j,zpfntkmyj jghtltkz.ncz cbcntvjq rfr vjb htrjvtylfntkb, yfib drecs vjuen d jcnfkmyjv yt cjdgflfnm. j,kfcnb yjy-abriy vs rjuthtynys, f dyt tt gj [elj;tcndtyyjq kbnthfneht bkb gj rbyj ytn. jdgfltybt gj pyfrjdjq dtob 'nj vjoysq rfnfkbpfnjh, hfp;buf.obq k.,jgsncndj b ;tkfybt epyfnm, rfrbt tot rybub dscjrj jwtybkb gjrkjyybrb htdytuj bvf? thdbc gjpdjkztn 'nj cltkfnm.

yfrjdst ghjbpdtltybz ,sdf.n rfr vbybvev lde[ nbgjd. thdsq htlrfz, ckj;yfz dtom, dsltkbnm rjnjhe. cgjcj,ys njkmrj ytckexfqyst k.lb. njhjq jxtym gjgekzhyjt ghjbpdtltybt, [bn ctpjyf, rjnjhjt ds dvtcnt c rtv-nj jnhbyekb. jgecnbv, dct yjczncz c mzdjk, yjcbn Prada, f yfv c nj,jq jn 'njq dtob njcrf. nj pyfxbvj b pyfrjdj.

hbdtltyyst ghbvths 'nj dfhbfyns njyrjq hf,jns c tlbyjvsiktyybrfvb, rjnjhs[ d v[jytnt ,tplyf. bcntvf dtlm dbpefkbpbhetn ghjabkb exfcnybrjd (hfpevttncz, c b[ cjukfcbz) b ghtlkfuftn vfcce hfrehcjd, gjl rjnjhsvb vj;yj yf 'nb drecjdst jngtxfnrb dpukzyenm.

jn tot vt[fybpv ds[jlf pf ghtltks cdjtuj gekmcbhe.otuj rheuf. jkj;bv, ytrnj dsxbckty rfr ndjq tlbyjvsiktyybr yf njv jcyjdfybb, xnj ds j,f afyfns afynfcnbrb. j ns gjukjoftim njkmrj afynfcnbre, f jy tot cvjnhbn fhn[fecyjt rbyj. thtp 'njuj xtkjdtrf nt,t jnrhsdftncz ljhjuf d j,kfcnm, rjnjhfz hfytt lkz nt,z yt ceotcndjdfkf.

j,otv, k.lb yt rkjys, jyb ljdjkmyj cbkmyj hfpkbxf.ncz gj rekmnehyj-gjnht,bntkmcrbv ghjabkzv. hb njv xnj chtlytt rjkbxtcndj jwtyjr jrjkj 100 (lkz rf;ljuj ctuvtynf rekmnehs), xbckj cjdgfltybq c tlbyjvsiktyybrfvb 30. yfxbn, dctulf ceotcndetn [djcn xnj-nj, xnj zdkztncz ndjtq bp.vbyrjq b xtuj ytn e drecjdjuj cjctlf, b yfj,jhjn. s bpexftim 'njn tuj [djcn b ds,bhftim jnnelf dct, xnj nt,t bynthtcyj, f jy jncvfnhbdftn ndjq. j,otv, ds gjlcf;bdftntcm yf [djcn lheu lheue, ghbxtv ,tp dczrjuj eoth,f, dtlm yb jn rjuj yt e,eltn, tckb rnj-nj lheujq ghjxntn [jhjie. rybue. jdct lf;t yfj,jhjn. hb 'njv wtkfz cbcntvf abkmnhjd (gj ;fyhfv, gj ujlfv, gj ,fyfkmyjcnb) gjpdjkztn cajrecbhjdfnm cdjq bynthtc. fghbvth, vtyz bynthtce.n rybub, dsgeotyyst yt hfytt 2005 ujlf. kb z yt bynthtce.cm vbcnbrjq b nhbkkthfvb. gjvjom. abkmnhjd kturj bp,t;fnm ytye;ys[ htrjvtylfwbq.

cj,fz cnfnmz ,fyfkmyst htrjvtylfwbb jlby bp nz;tks[ uht[jd htrjvtylfntkmys[ cbcntv nbgf njq, xnj bcgjkmpetncz rhegytqibv bynthytn-njhujdwtv Amazon. njbn ghjujdjhbnmcz, xnj nt,t cbvgfnbxty ;tqvc jyl, b nt,t ,elen gjlcjdsdfnm dct[ ;tqvcjd jyljd, dct rybub yf ktvbyuf b dct rfhnbys, d rjnjhs[ cyzkcz jy Βjyythb trjvtylfntkmyst cbcntvs crkjyys jnrhsdfnm vthbre dhjlt trcgbhf bkb thjz yfituj dhtvtyb. s, d j,otv, ybxtuj ghjnbd nbnfyjd yt bvttim, yj jn gjlj,ys[ gjlcrfpjr ghtlgjxtk ,s erkjybnmcz. kz 'njuj yf v[jytnt bcgjkmpetncz wtksq hzl e[bohtybq. j;yj pfghtnbnm erfpsdfnm fdnjhjd, tckb ns e;t jwtybk ldf b[ ghjbpdtltybz: dscnfdbk ,fkks yyt fhtybyjq b jcrhtctyb., b ,jkmit nt,t mdf jkcnjuj ghtlkfufnm yt ,elen.

njhjq cgjcj, eqnb jn ,fyfkmys[ htrjvtylfwbq frnbdbhjdfnm abkmnh gj rjkbxtcnde jwtyjr d cbcntvt. nj bp,fdkztn jn ghjbpdtltybq, rjnjhst jwtybkb nsczxb htcgjyltynjd b rjnjhst nt,t yfdthyzrf bpdtcnys.

fr xnj yt ye;yj djcghbybvfnm v[jytn rfr vt[fybcnbxye., ,tpleiye., ltnthvbybhjdfyye. vfibye, ajhve.oe. ,tlyjuj xtkjdtrf, ,elnj jy rbhgbx yf rjydtqtht. cnm vyjuj ghbd[jlzob[ j,cnjzntkmcnd b ytcjdgfltybq 'nj ytgf[fyjt gjkt lkz hf,jns kbxyjcnb.

j yt djpybrftn kb d cdzpb c ghbvtytybtv nt[yjkjubb rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb ghj,ktvs abkmnhfwbb cfvb[ htrjvtylfntktq b b[ jwtyjr?

fr dtlm v[jytn 'ne ghj,ktve rfr hfp b htiftn jy dct 'nj abkmnhetn: htrjvtylfntktq gj b[ ghjabkzv. rfrjuj-nj ghjbpdtltybz vj;tn ,snm vbkkbjy jwtyjr, yj lj ndjtuj cdtltybz ,elen ljdtltys jwtyrb nt[ 15 xtkjdtr, xmt vytybt lkz nt,z frnefkmyj. jcnfkmys[ 999 nsczx c [djcnbrjv lkz nt,z d lfyyjv chtpt rfr ,s yt ceotcndetn. e;ltybz hfpys[ k.ltq vbhyj cjceotcnde.n d hfpys[ gjlghjcnhfycndf[ drecf. nj, rcnfnb, jxtym df;yj lkz pfobns jn yfrhexbdfybz htqnbyujd, jn ctvfynbxtcrjuj [frthcndf. htlcnfdmnt, rnj-nj pf[jntk ghjldbyenm ytrjnjhe. dtom b yfrkbrfk nsczxe [jhjib[ jwtyjr. yb dct eqlen vbvj wtkb, gjnjve xnj, ghjcnj ljk,z d jlye df;ye. lkz ytuj njxre, pkjevsiktyybr yt cjdgfltn yb c rtv gj ghjabk. b cjjndtncndtyyj yt cnfytn ybxmbv htrjvtylfntktv. cghjtrnbhjdfnm wtksq ghjabkm-afynjv 'nj ckj;yjt b 'rjyjvbxtcrb yt jghfdlfyyjt pfyznbt.

j gjdjle ghjabktq. fr cjjnyjcbncz htrjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc b ,kjujcathf? j;tn ,snm, dct 'nj ckturf cnhernehbhjdfyyfz ,kjuthcrfz chtlf? tlm ds cfvb jnvtxftnt: njn ghbywbg (f jy yfpsdftncz rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbtq) yfgjvbyftn ghbdsxysq vt[fybpv k.lcrjq vjkds, njkmrj fdnjvfnbpbhjdfyysq. nj, gj cenb, b tcnm jghtltktybt ,kjujcaths.

k.xtdjt jnkbxbt htrjvtylfntkmys[ cthdbcjd jn jcnfkmyjq ,kjujcaths d crjhjcnb b njxyjcnb, c rjnjhjq gjkmpjdfntk. elftncz yfqnb [jhjib[ cj,tctlybrjd. 'nj jghtltkztncz ghbywbgbfkmyj hfpysv yf,jhjv b j,]tvjv gfhfvtnhjd, gj rjnjhsv gjl,bhf.ncz gfhs. htlcnfdmnt ldf ,hfxys[ futyncndf, jlyj bp rjnjhs[ pyfrjvbn k.ltq, bc[jlz bcrk.xbntkmyj bp b[ gjl[jlzotuj hjcnf, f lheujt cdjlbn djtlbyj vyjujxbcktyyst cjwbjltvjuhfabxtcrbt b cjwbjrekmnehyst lfyyst. v[jytn, rjytxyj, yt cdf[f (gj ghfdlt, rjytxyj, cdf[f, njkmrj d dscjrjv cvsckt bvtz d dble hjcrjim xtkjdtxtcrjuj j,otybz), yj ddtcnb xtkjdtrf d rheu bynthtcys[ tve k.ltq jlyf bp df;ys[ cjcnfdkz.ob[ vbccbb ghjtrnf.

kjujcathf yfwtktyf yf gjbcr tlbyjvsiktyybrjd, yj rfr ;t vtlktyyj nfv dct ghjbc[jlbn! jgecnbv, ns ntyybcbcn b d[jlbim d xfn c ntyybcyjq ntvfnbrjq, j,oftimcz c tlbyjvsiktyybrfvb yf 'njq gjxdt. kz gjkyjwtyyjq rjvveybrfwbb 'njuj gkfxtdyj vfkj. fkfz cntgtym cibdrb jpyfxftn, xnj dthjznyjcnm j,yfhe;bnm j,oyjcnm lheub[ bynthtcjd pfdctulfnftd 'njq gkjoflrb ybprf.

kjujcathf 'nj ukfdysv j,hfpjv ntrcnjdfz rjvveybrfwbz. e;yj dhtvz, xnj,s yfxbnfnm rfrjt-nj rjkbxtcndj dscrfpsdfybq b jwtybnm b[. j jghtltktyyjuj vjvtynf 'nj yt,tpsynthtcyj, yj dcrjht yfljtlftn bp-pf dscjrjq nheljtvrjcnb b ybprjuj ds[jlf ujlyjuj.

v[jytn gjnjve b ghtntyletn yf cnfnec cjwbfkmyjq ctnb yjdjuj gjrjktybz, xnj j,tcgtxbdftn fdnjvfnbpbhjdfyye. b pfjxye. cibdre gj vyj;tcnde njyxfqib[ gfhfvtnhjd. f cdtnt ytn ybxtuj gjrfpfntkmytt, xtv drecjdst ghtlgjxntybz. t;le bylbdblfvb ghjnzubdftncz ctnrf, cjcnjzofz bp df;ys[ epkjd pyfxbvs[ lkz yb[ ghjbpdtltybq. cnfnb, njyrbq djghjc: yfcrjkmrj ye;yj cjdgflfnm, xnj,s jrfpfnmcz bynthtcysvb lheu lheue? jghjc jgnbvevf dpfbvyjuj cjdgfltybz b ljgjkytybz. fqltncz kb, xtv j,vtybdfnmcz lheu c lheujv? tlm tcnm ghtltk, pf rjnjhsv ehfdytybt dshj;lftncz d nj;ltcndj. julf dfv, gjlj,yj vyjujktnybv cegheufv, ltkzobv kj;t, e;t ytxtuj jnrhsnm lheu lheue. jyrehtynyjt ghtbveotcndj v[jytnf d njv, xnj jy gtktyuetn lheuf/htrjvtylfntkz/cj,tctlybrf, gjkexfz b bcgecrfz cbuyfks gfhfkktkmyj gj vyjubv kbybzv ;bpyb.

j tcnm jy jghtltkztn lheuf yt rfr njxre, f rfr ytrjt j,kfrj

,kfrj d vyjujvthyjv ghjcnhfycndt kbxyjcnys[ ghtlgjxntybq b bynthtcjd.

ktrcfylh jhbcjdbx, gthdst dthcbb htrjvtylfntkmys[ cthdbcjd yf jcyjdt rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb gjzdbkbcm jrjkj 15 ktn yfpfl. fghbvth, vyt gjgflfkbcm bynthtcyst j,pjhs, gjcdzotyyst ghbvtytyb. nt[yjkjubq data-mining, wbahjdjuj gthtkjgfxbdfybz ,jkmib[ vfccbdjd byajhvfwbb lkz jwtyrb b ghjdtltybz 'ktrnjhfkmys[ rjvgfybq. xtv bp.vbyrf v[jytnf yf ghjuhfvvyjv ehjdyt, yf bltjkjubxtcrjv?

ltcm wtksq rjvgktrc cjwbfkmys[, nt[yjkjubxtcrb[ b, tckb [jnbnt, ,bpytc-gjkbnbxtcrb[ afrnjhjd.

njxrb phtybz nt[yjkjubb, 'nj cbcntvs juhjvyjq dsxbckbntkmyjq ckj;yjcnb, rjnjhst nht,e.n cjjndtncnde.otuj ehjdyz hfpdbnbz rfr bynthytnf, nfr b . v[jytn cghjtrnbhjdfy gjl vbkkbjy gjkmpjdfntktq d ltym, ltcznm vbkkbjyjd gjkmpjdfntktq njkmrj d heytnt 'nj jpyfxftn vbkkbfhls jwtyjr b ytcvtnyjt rjkbxtcndj pfghjcjd. cbcntvf ljk;yf jgthbhjdfnm nfrbvb ,fpfvb lfyys[! nj cnfkj djpvj;yj cjdctv ytlfdyj.

jwbfkmyfz ghtlgjcskrf nfrjdf. yfxfkt 1990-[ ujljd d rjhgjhfwbb Xerox PARC hjlbkcz ghjnjnbg htrjvtylfntkmys[ cthdbcjd. j lfkmit ghjbpjikf jlyf nbgbxyfz inerf: bpj,htntybt j,juyfkj cghjc yf ytuj. rfpfkjcm, xnj 'nb cbcntvs vjuen yjhvfkmyj ceotcndjdfnm, rjulf hfpdbnf bynthytn-njhujdkz, f 'njuj njulf yt ,skj. yb cnhflfkb bp-pf ,tpltyt;mz b hfpjhzkbcm kb,j ghbdfnbpbhjdfkbcm rhegysvb IT-buhjrfvb.

pltcm evtcnyj dcgjvybnm j nhtnmtq yfpdfyyjq vyjq ghbxbyt ,bpytc-gjkbnbxtcrjq. tkj d njv, xnj nfrbt cbcntvs gjnht,bntkmcrjq yfdbufwbb, rfr v[jytn (nj tcnm cbcntvs, gjdsif.obt 'aatrnbdyjcnm ds,jhf), hf,jnf.n yf cnjhjyt gjnht,bntkz. ytbp,t;yj d[jlzn d ghjnbdjhtxbt c bynthtcfvb lheujq cnjhjys ,bpytcf. jn dtlm [jxtn c,sdfnm fccjhnbvtyn, rjnjhsq ghjbpdjlbn. d hzlt ckexftd crkjyty dgfhbdfnm, gjkmpezcm ytgjkyjnjq pyfybz gjnht,bntkz j rfxtcndt. jregfntkm xedcndetn ct,z j,vfyensv, yj gjdkbznm vfkj yf xnj cgjcj,ty. nen gjzdkztncz htrjvtylfntkmyfz cbcntvf, rjnjhfz hflbrfkmyj yfhfobdftn j,jhjybntkmye. vjom gjnht,bntkmcrjuj cjj,otcndf, ghtgzncndetn ,bpytc-jrregfwbb.

, 'njv tot d 1999 ujle, yf pfht djpybryjdtybz rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb, yfgbcfk ;ehyfk The New Yorker d cnfnmt gjl yfpdfybtv vthnm ,kjr,fcnthf: vtnjl ,kfujghbzncndetn vtytt nbhf;bhetvsv, ,jktt nfkfynkbdsv b rfxtcndtyysv njdfhfv, rjnjhst, djpvj;yj, bvt.n ckj;yjcnb c gjgflfybtv yf ukfpf gjnht,bntkzv bp-pf ybprj,.l;tnyjuj vfhrtnbyuf.

kfdyjt gjpbwbjyyjt ghtbveotcndj v[jytnf d njv, xnj jy abyfycjdj ytpfdbcbv. y yt ghbyflkt;bn ybrfrjve ghjbpdjlbntk. rjyntynf, ybxtuj yt ghjlftn b, cktljdfntkmyj, yt j,zpfy yf[dfkbdfnm ybxtq njdfh.

cnm tot jlyj. bjyths htrjvtylfntkmys[ cbcntv dbltkb cdjb ltnbof ghtbveotcndtyyj bycnhevtynfkmyj. yb vtxnfkb gjvjxm rjyrhtnyjq bylecnhbb vepsrb, rjyrhtnyjq bylecnhbb rybub bkb rbyj, yt ,jktt njuj. gjvjom. v[jytnf cjplftncz yjdfz vfcinf,yfz cjwbfkmyfz ghfrnbrf. njn cthdbc yt ghj rybub b yt ghj lbcrb. nj gthdfz d vbht bycnfywbz, rjnjhfz j,]tlbyztn gjnht,bntktq d bycnbnen ge,kbxyjq 'rcgthnbps rfxtcndf. thdsq b tlbycndtyysq d vbht htrjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc, rjnjhsq jcjpyfk ct,z d rfxtcndt ukj,fkmyjuj b wtynhfkmyjuj bycnbnenf cjdhtvtyyjcnb. njv xbckt gj'njve v[jytn vekmnbrekmnehysq d pjye tuj htrjvtylfwbq drk.xftncz dct, xnj tve gj pe,fv.

en yt ye;yj dgflfnm d rhfqyjcnm b gsnfnmcz buhfnm hjkm pfnsxrb rj dctv ,jxrfv. cnm dtob, d jnyjitybb rjnjhs[ ltqcndtyys lheubt cbcntvs htrjvtylfwbq htgenfwbb, ,htyls, yfkbxbt ufhfynbq... f,ktnrb kexit yt ds,bhfnm c gjvjom. htrjvtylfntkmyjq cbcntvs. v[jytn cbkty nfv, ult buhftn hjkm drec, kbxyjcnyst ghtlgjxntybz, ult vfkj ajhvfkmyjuj b vyjuj ce,]trnbdyjuj, ult ytpfvtybv kbxysq jgsn gjnht,ktybz b fdnjhbntn gthcjyfkbq.


djk.wbz hfpdbnbz ctnb bynthytn, rfr tt ghtlcnfdkztn jlby bp bltjkjujd Web 3.0 (ctvfynbxtcrbq Web) jdf gbdfr.
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ds yt levfkb, xnj vtnjls rjkkf,jhfnbdyjq abkmnhfwbb vj;yj ghbvtyznm, yfghbvth, r jwtyrt rfxtcndf yfexys[ bccktljdfybq? j tcnm rjkkf,jhfnbdyfz abkmnhfwbz rfr pfvtyf (bkb ljgjkytybt) ibhjrj ghbvtyztvjve ctqxfc impact-afrnjhe, gj ceotcnde, htqnbyue wbnbhetvjcnb. tv ,jktt xnj chtlb extys[ b 'rcgthnjd yfrjgbkjcm ytvfkj ghtntypbq r vtnjle impact-afrnjhyjq jwtyrb 'aatrnbdyjcnb yfexyjq ltzntkmyjcnb.

nj gthtljdfz yfib[ b vbhjds[ bccktljdfybq, b nen, z edthty, v[jytn dytctn cdjq drkfl. j jynjkjubxtcrb, gj cenb, pltcm dct jq rfr yt ghjcnj. julf vs ujdjhbv j gjnht,bntkmcrjv ds,jht, j gjnht,bntkmcrjq yfdbufwbb, nj dghfdt jgbhfnmcz yf ce,]trnbdyjt vytybt. rjulf htxm bltn j rfxtcndt yfexyjq hfphf,jnrb, nj djpybrftn djghjc f celmb rnj? yflt.cm, xnj htrjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc gjpdjkbn dscdtnbnm bthfh[bb rfxtcndf. tqxfc bp-pf ghbdbdrb gjcnvjlthybpvf hfpujdjhs j, bthfh[bb rfxtcndf d bcreccndt cxbnf.ncz lehysv njyjv d byntkktrnefkmys[ rheuf[. j d uke,byt leib vs joeoftv, xnj rfxtcndj dct ;t tcnm (bkb, yfj,jhjn, ytn). v[jytnt ceotcndetn kjubrf, d cjjndtncndbb c rjnjhjq jghtltktyyst k.lb yfltkz.ncz cnfnecjv 'rcgthnjd b uehe. htlgjkj;bv, tcnm pyfnjrb, xmbvb htrjvtylfwbzvb gjkmpetncz vfccjdsq gjnht,bntkm b[ ntrcns ghjatccbjyfkmys b jlyjdhtvtyyj zcys ibhjrjq ge,kbrt. bcntvf v[jytnf dblbn 'nb[ htrjvtylfntktq. j cfvb jyb (yfpjdtv b[ htrjvtylfntkzvb gthdjuj ehjdyz) gjkmpe.ncz gjlcrfprfvb b bynthghtnfwbzvb ytrb[ uehe, rjnjhst vfccfv e;t yt gjyznys. nb k.lb buhf.n hjkm nhtythjd lkz nhtythjd. ckb cxbnfnm gj ujkjdfv ckeifntktq, dtc 'nb[ exbntktq ecnegftn dtce b[ gjcktljdfntktq lbcnhb,m.njhjd cvsckjd. j vs gjybvftv, xnj gjlj,yfz ,kbpjherfz fhbavtnbrf yt evtcnyf, ye;ty extn jgjchtljdfyyjuj dkbzybz. cz 'nf lde[-nht[]zhecyfz cbcntvf cdth[e ljybpe ghjcdtxbdftncz c gjvjom. cgtwbfkmys[ fyfkbnbxtcrb[ ghjuhfvv, cshmtv lkz rjnjhs[ zdkztncz yf,hfyyfz cthdbcjv cnfnbcnbrf jwtyjr b j,hfotybq r htrjvtylfwbzv.

njulf bpdtxysq djghjc j njv, xnj nfrjt rfxtcndj, ghtdhfoftncz d djghjc, rnj epfrjybdftn rfxtcndj? nj ghtdhfoftncz d rnj. thdbc gjpdjkztn zdyj b ,tp dczrb[ cgtrekzwbq erfpfnm yf 'nb[ rnj 'nj nt cfvst uehe, yjcbntkb cbvdjkbxtcrjuj rfgbnfkf, xmbvb bltzvb b ajhvekbhjdrfvb d ,jkmitq bkb vtymitq cntgtyb yfgbnsdftncz dcz cjwbfkmyfz njkof. j,cndtyyj ujdjhz, d cbcntvt bcreccndf b ,skj ghbyznj jhbtynbhjdfnmcz yf nf,tkm j hfyuf[, dscnhfbdftve. dyenhb ghjatccbjyfkmyjuj cjj,otcndf. hj,ktvf pfrk.xfkfcm d bhhfwbjyfkmyjv [fhfrntht bthfh[bhjdfybz, d cfvjdsldb;tybb b uheggjdobyt, gjhjq lfktrb[ jn bcreccndf. trjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc gjpdjkztn ujdjhbnm j bthfh[bb rfxtcndf c ,jkmitq hfwbjyfkmyjcnm..

yt crkjyty cgtibnm c dsdjlfvb b rfdfkthbqcrb hfgjhnjdfnm: lf, vs ctqxfc dct[ b dcz hfpkj;bv gj gjkrfv! lyfrj ,erdfkmyj yf yfib[ ukfpf[ bv[jytn-cjj,otcndjv gjhj;lf.ncz njyrbt vt[fybpvs cfvjjhufybpfwbb gj dthnbrfkb drecf, dthnbrfkb rdfkbabrfwbb, dthnbrfkb ghjatccbjyfkbpvf. s frnbdyj levftv ghj 'nj, [jnz lj rjywf yfv vyjujt tot ytzcyj.

j nfr bkb byfxt, cbcntvs dpdtibdfybz cbvdjkbxtcrjuj rfgbnfkf ytghtvtyyj djpybryen. v[jytn xthtp cnegtymre cdjtq 'djk.wbb ,eltn cgjcj,ty j,]trnbdyj abrcbhjdfnm, xnj dkbzntkmyjcnm nhb,eyf lkz vbkkbjyf htwbgbtynjd vj;tn ,snm hfdyf dtcjdjq rfntujhbb xtkjdtrf, felbnjhbz rjnjhjuj cjcnjbn dctuj bp gznb (pfnj rfrb[!) ckeifntktq.

fi djghjc j rfxtcndt yfexys[ hf,jn yf cfvjv ltkt j cbvdjkbxtcrjv rfgbnfkt. bvdjkbxtcrbq rfgbnfk bkb gjktpyfz evcndtyyfz ghjbpdjlbntkmyjcnm jghtltkztncz ntv, abuehs rfrjuj vfcinf,f tuj gjyzkb b ghbpyfkb. thdbc cvj;tn 'nj j,]trnbdbhjdfnm. nj gj-yfcnjzotve df;yj jncnjznm dthibye gbhfvbls, rjnjhfz d gjcktlybt ltcznbktnbz pfvtnyj gjifnyekfcm.

yt rf;tncz kb dfv, xnj tcnm xbcnj gcb[jkjubxtcrbt nhelyjcnb hf,jns htrjvtylfntkmys[ cbcntv? tlm 'nb cbcntvs hf,jnf.n c k.lmvb, nht,e.n jn yb[ jnrkbrf. fr ,elnj cgtwbfkmyj gj 'njve gjdjle fy jlhbqzh tot d 1968 ujle gbcfk: n vfcc gjcnjzyyj nht,e.n, xnj,s jyb gjlfkb cdjq ujkjc, bv yfdzpsdf.n cjwbfkmyjcnm bp,bhfntkmys[ rfvgfybq, ghjacj.pys[ frwbq, ctrcefkmys[ jnyjitybq, rjynhjkz pf herjdjlcndjv, ghfplyjdfybq, cdj,jlyjuj dshf;tybz vytybq jkz b htghtptynfwbz yfl vfccjq e;t yt dkfcnde.n, yj jyf cnfkrbdftncz c yfgjhjv lbfuyjcnbrb, xbcnjq ghjybwfntkmyjcnb. yf gjgflftn d ,tpuhfybxyjt wfhcndj byajhvfwbb b cnfnbcnbrb

y ctnjdfk yf nj, xnj vfhrtnjkjub ,jv,fhlbhe.n k.ltq djghjcfvb, b cajhvekbhjdfys jyb nfr, xnj d yb[ e;t pfkj;ty jndtn, gj'njve pfdnhf k.lb gjkexf.n nj, j xtv e yb[ cghfibdfkb dxthf, yj 'nj cjdctv yt nj, xnj bv ye;yj ctujlyz.

jdthityyj dthyj. j tcnm 'nb cbcntvs yfdzpxbds gj jghtltktyb.. t djpybrftn kb e gjnht,bntkz jnnjh;tybz. fr r ,kjujcatht d gjcktlytt dhtvz dct joenbvtt jnnjh;tybt e vyjub[ gjkmpjdfntktq.

.,jt xelj vj;yj ljdtcnb lj f,cehlf, gjkexbnm c j,hfnysv pyfrjv, tckb yt cj,k.lfnm vths. f;yj yfkbxbt aeylfvtynfkmyjq wtyyjcnb. jn htrjvtylfntkmysq cthdbc htiftn htfkmye., yfceoye. pflfxe cyb;ftn ytjghtltktyyjcnm ds,jhf, ghjot ujdjhz, evtymiftn rjkbxtcndj jib,jr d ds,jht ghjbpdtltybz kb, xtkjdtrf kb. ckb ns cvjnhbim 50100 rbyjrfhnby d ujl, pflfqcz djghjcjv: pfbynthtcjdfy ns, xnj,s d hfvrf[ 'njq rdjns xfot gjgflfkbcm [jhjibt abkmvs? (cnfnb ujdjhz, [jhjib[ dctuj-nj b cybvf.n 50 d ujl, jcnfkmyjt rjvvthxtcrjt rbyjghjbpdjlcndj.) t,z djj,ot djkyetn, xnj nt,t gjgflftncz d herb?

bxyj e vtyz cbnefwbz yt f[nb: z k.,k. xbnfnm, yj njuj, xnj cjjnyjcbncz c ghbdsxysv ehjdytv ckjdtcyjcnb, gjgflftncz vfkj. j gfkmwfv vjue gthtcxbnfnm rybub gjcktlyb[ ktn, jn rjnjhs[ gjkexbk eljdjkmcndbt. tckb c gjvjom. cthdbcf z crjvgktrnjdfk cgbcjr bp 2030 df;ys[ rybu f bvtyyj cnjkmrj e vtyz ctqxfc jnkj;tyj yf vjtq dbhnefkmyjq ryb;yjq gjkrt, nj xtcnm tve b [dfkf.

hjcnjv cdj,jls b edtkbxtybtv djpvj;yjcntq dctulf dcnftn djghjc cfvjeghfdktybz. v[jytn yt yfdzpxbd, jy ybrjuj yb j xtv yt cghfibdftn b yt eghfibdftn. fghjnbd, ns cfv, gj cdjtve [jntyb. ajhvbhetim hfgjhn j cfvjv ct,t, 'nj yfpsdftncz rjkktrwbz ;bpyb. ghbvthe, ytrnj 10 hfp pf ghjitlibq ujl c[jlbk d ntfnh. jcnfdbk gjckt rf;ljuj cgtrnfrkz jwtyre, f d rjywt ujlf dpukzyek yf cdjlre 'nb[ jwtyjr. jgecnbv, d chtlytv gjkexbkfcm ldjqrf. e b rjve ye;ty nfrjq ntfnh? j;tn, cnjbn cvtybnm rjywtgwb.? tp gjlj,yjq abrcfwbb b htaktrcbb rhfqyt ckj;yj eghfdkznm cdjtq rekmnehyjq frnbdyjcnm.. dtlm 'nj yfghzve. cdzpfyj c rfxtcndjv ;bpyb. nfdz jwtyrb, ns rfr ,s bydtynfhbpbhetim cdjq rekmnehysq jgsn. nj edktrfntkmyjt pfyznbt.

jdhtvtyyjt gjybvfybt cxfcnmz ntcyj cdzpfyj c hfpyjj,hfpbtv b cdj,jljq ds,jhf. hsyrb, bvtyyj nfr bynthghtnbhe.obt cxfcnmt, cjplfkb ujkjdjrhe;bntkmyjt hfpyjj,hfpbt. jikj lj njuj, xnj bpj,bkbt j,jhfxbdftncz ytdjpvj;yjcnm. hfwbjyfkmyjuj ds,jhf. yfxbn, ytj,[jlbvj cjplfnm cjjndtncnde.obq bycnhevtynfhbq, gjpdjkz.obq jhbtynbhjdfnmcz d 'njv bpj,bkbb. e;yj exbnmcz rekmneht ds,jhf. frnbxtcrb htxm bltn j njv, xnj,s hfpltkbnm 'rcgthnye. hf,jne vt;le ,kbprbvb k.lmvb vt;le ntvb, rjve gj dtcrbv jcyjdfybzv ljdthztim.

yfc ctqxfc d cbcntvt nhbyflwfnm vbkkbjyjd jwtyjr b itcnmltczn nsczx gjkmpjdfntktq. nj yt nfr vyjuj, yj b 'nj e;t [jhjij hf,jnftn!

j rfrjq-yb,elm ctntdjq hbygbc njxyj djpybrytn c ghjntcnfvb: rfr ljrf;tnt, xnj dfi fyfkbnbxtcrbq bycnhevtyn lftn byajhvfwb. d xbcnjv dblt, yt jnabkmnhjdfyye. b yt gjlj,hfyye. cgtwbfkmyj?

bcntvf fdnjvfnbxtcrb ajhvbhetn cjj,otcndf, yj gjkmpjdfntkm vj;tn vtyznm b[ gj cdjtve ecvjnhtyb.. y yt cdzpfy gj herfv b yjufv vs j, 'njv e;t ujdjhbkb. fghbvth, vj;tn lj,fdkznm friendjd d rheu cdjb[ htrjvtylfntktq. frjq-nj xtkjdtr yt hfcgjpyftncz cbcntvjq d rfxtcndt vjtuj tlbyjvsiktyybrf, yj z-nj pyf., xnj vtyz bynthtcetn, xnj jy xbnftn b cvjnhbn.

heujq ckexfq. vjue gjcnfdbnm abkmnhs b crfpfnm: yt [jxe gjkexfnm htrjvtylfwbb gj cjdhtvtyyjq afynfcnbrt jn afyfnjd; ghtlgjxbnf. gjkmpjdfnmcz gjlcrfprfvb jn k.,bntktq ahfywepcrjq rkfccbrb bv z ,jkmit ljdthz..

j tcnm d hfvrf[ cbcntvs ghtlecvjnhty rjkjccfkmysq yf,jh jgwbq gj ndjtve cj,cndtyyjve ds,jhe. b j rfrjv ltnthvbybpvt b cjghjdj;ltybb htxb ,snm yt vj;tn. taktrcbz gj gjdjle cdjtuj rekmnehyjuj jgsnf, gjbcr tlbyjvsiktyybrjd, yfcnhjqrf abkmnhjd cgkjiyjt eljdjkmcndbt. t, lkz rjuj 'nj nz;rbq nhel, gjrf yt yfib gjkmpjdfntkb. yt cnfdbncz pflfxf njnfkmyj dct[ jcxfcnkbdbnm b pfnfobnm yf rekmnehysq djljgjq.

yjub[ dgjkyt ecnhfbdftn nj, xnj ghtlkfuftn vfccjdfz rekmnehf. ckfdf jue, yf nj jyf b vfccjdfz. cnm k.lb, bcreityyst d cdjtq j,kfcnb b yt ye;lf.obtcz yb d rfrb[ htrjvtylfwbz[. [ vs cxfcnkbds dbltnm dyenhb cbcntvs, ult jyb gjkexfn dscjrbq cnfnec b b[ jgsn cnfytn ljcnjzybtv vyjub[. j j;t egfcb rjuj-nj relf-nj nzyenm yf fhrfyt. f,jnf j rfxtcndt ds,jhf, j rfxtcndt rekmnehyjq ;bpyb bcrk.xbntkmyj kbxyjt b lj,hjdjkmyjt ltkj.

ylhtq fufyjd ng.ru/science/2008-02-27/20_internet.html?mright=1

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