(GGG) . , -, . , ?


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lefhl eibycrbq, hjacj.p cjwbfkmys[ ctntq kj,fkmysq bufyncrbq hfa (GGG) pfvtybn bynthytn. fr cxbnftn cfv cjplfntkm bynthytnf, bv thythc-b, j xtv jy b gbitn d cdjtv ,kjut. nj nfrjq 'njn bufyncrbq hfa, b d xtv cvsck tuj gjzdktybz?

vsck cjcnjbn d njv, xnj,s c gjvjom. cjdhtvtyys[ nt[yjkjubq vj;yj ,skj cjcnfdbnm ukj,fkmye. rfhne dct[ k.ltq yf gkfytnt b b[ cdzptq lheu c lheujv. ghfrnbxtcrjv cvsckt 'nj jpyfxftn j,]tlbybnm dct ceotcnde.obt cjwbfkmyst ctnb gj tlbyjq nt[yjkjubb. bufyncrbq ukj,fkmysq uhfa 'nj vtnf-ldb;jr lkz dct[ ceotcnde.ob[ b ,eleob[ cjwbfkmys[ ctntq.

djk.wbz tnbj vytyb. thythcf-b, gtht[jl yf ehjdtym GGG dgjkyt dgbcsdf.ncz d 'djk.wb. ctvbhyjq ctnb rfr kjubxtcrfz f,cnhfrwbz cktle.otuj ehjdyz. f gthdjv ehjdyt 'djk.wbb vs f,cnhfubhjdfkbcm jn rjvgm.nthjd d gjkmpe kjrfkmyjq ctnb, gjnjv f,cnhfubhjdfkbcm d gjkmpe dt,-cfqnjd, nj tcnm jnltkmys[ ljrevtynjd (WWW), ye f ctqxfc vj;yj blnb lfkmit.

thvby cjwbfkmysq uhfa, ddtltyysq d j,jhjn gthtitlibv d Google jcyjdfntktv bdjuj ;ehyfkf bwgfnhbrjv, kexit gjl[jlbn lkz jgbcfybz 'djk.wbjyyjuj hfpdbnbz dt,f, xtv nthvby ctvfynbxtcrfz ctnm, j rjnjhjq bv thythc-b ujdjhbk hfymit. j, afrnbxtcrb, gj tuj ckjdfv, htxm bln j, jlyjq b njq ;t nt[yjkjubb (yfxbyfz c RDF OWL, SPARQL b ajhvfnf FOAF), nt[yjkjubb, rjnjhfz dpkfvsdftn ehjdtym ljrevtynjd b jcdj,j;lftn byajhvfwb..

dj,jlf gthtldb;tybz byajhvfwbb bp bynthytnf d vj,bkmyst ctnb, rjydthutywbz jlyb[ c lheubvb djn d xtv cjcnjbn cvtyf rjvveybrfwbjyyjq gfhflbuvs. 'njq cnfnmt vs hfccvjnhbv, rfr vjuen dgbcfnmcz d yjde. gfhflbuve gjkmpjdfntkb b rjvgfybb.

Google Social Stream

Google Social Streamfvfz gthtljdfz rjvgfybz bynthytnf frnbdyj hf,jnftn yfl dctj,otq rjydthutywbtq. gthde. jxthtlm, yfl Google Social Stream. njn ghjtrn ljk;ty cnfnm vtnf-cjwbfkmyjq ctnm., d rjnjhjq ,elen cdtltys hfpyst cjwbfkmyst ctnb. jkmpjdfntkb c gjvjom. lfyyjq gkfnajhvs gjkexfn ljcneg r eghfdktyb. cdjtq frnbdyjcnm. d hfpys[ cjwbfkmys[ ctnz[ xthtp tlbysq bynthatqc.

fc d gthcgtrnbdt (c njxrb phtybz bpdktxtybz ljgjkybntkmys[ lj[jljd, b gjkextybz bynthytn-htrkfvjq rjyrehtynyjuj ghtbveotcndf gj jnyjityb. r nhflbwbjyysv vtlbf) bynthtcetn ,eleofz rjydthutywbz bynthytn-ctntq c vj,bkmyjq cdzpm.. 'njq cdzpb, Google ghbujnjdbk jgthfwbjyye. vj,bkmye. cbcntve Android.

jcyjde Android gjkj;tys zlhj Linux b rjvgjytyns c jnrhsnsv rjljv, f ljcneg r gkfnajhvt ,eltn ghtljcnfdkznmcz ntktrjvveybrfwbjyysv rjvgfybzv b hfphf,jnxbrfv ecnhjqcnd d cjjndtncndbb c kbwtypbtq Apache.

lyjdhtvtyyj c fyjycjv Android ,skj j,]zdktyj j ajhvbhjdfybb fkmzycf Open Handset Alliance gj lfkmytqitq hfphf,jnrt b ghjldb;tyb. yjdjq jgthfwbjyyjq cbcntvs. cjcnfd fkmzycf ctqxfc d[jlzn 34 rjvgfybb, d njv xbckt Broadcom, China Mobile, HTC , Intel, KDDI , LG , Marvell , Motorola, NTT DoCoMo, Samsung , Sprint Nextel b T-Mobile .

cjcnfd Android d[jlbn rjvgktrn ,fpjds[ ghbkj;tybq: rkbtyns 'ktrnhjyyjq gjxns b SMS, rfktylfhm, hfpkbxyst rfhns, ,hfepth, ghjuhfvvf lkz eghfdktybz rjynfrnfvb b vyjuj lheujt. ct ghbkj;tybz, pfgecrftvst yf gkfnajhvt Android, yfgbcfys yf Java.

hjdtym rfhrfcf ghbkj;tybq
h[bntrnehf gjcnhjtyf nfrbv j,hfpjv, xnj k.,jt ghbkj;tybt vj;tn bcgjkmpjdfnm e;t htfkbpjdfyyst djpvj;yjcnb lheujuj ghbkj;tybz ghb eckjdbb, xnj gjcktlytt jnrhjtn ljcneg yf bcgjkmpjdfybt cdjtq aeyrwbjyfkmyjcnb. cyjdjq zdkztncz yf,jh cbcntv b cke;,:
1. bcntvf ghtlcnfdktybq ( View System) 'nj ,jufnsq yf,jh ghtlcnfdktybq c hfcibhztvjq aeyrwbjyfkmyjcnm., rjnjhsq cke;bn lkz gjcnhjtybz dytiytuj dblf ghbkj;tybq.
2. jyntyn-ghjdfqlths ( Content Providers ) 'nj cke;,s, rjnjhst gjpdjkz.n ghbkj;tybzv gjkexfnm ljcneg r lfyysv lheub[ ghbkj;tybq, f nfr;t ghtljcnfdkznm ljcneg r cdjbv lfyysv.
3. tytl;th htcehcjd ( Resource Manager) ghtlyfpyfxty lkz ljcnegf r cnhjrjdsv, uhfabxtcrbv b lheubv nbgfv htcehcjd.
4. tytl;th bpdtotybq ( Notification Manager) gjpdjkztn k.,jve ghbkj;tyb. jnj,hf;fnm gjkmpjdfntkmcrbt edtljvktybz d cnhjrt cnfnecf.
5. tytl;th ltqcndbq ( Activity Manager) eghfdkztn ;bpytyysv wbrkjv ghbkj;tybq b ghtljcnfdkztn cbcntve yfdbufwbb gj bcnjhbb hf,jns c ltqcndbzvb.

hjdtym ,b,kbjntr
kfnajhvf Android drk.xftn yf,jh C/C++ ,b,kbjntr, bcgjkmpetvs[ hfpkbxysvb rjvgjytynfvb . kz hfphf,jnxbrjd ljcneg r aeyrwbzv 'nb[ ,b,kbjntr htfkbpjdfy xthtp bcgjkmpjdfybt Application Framework. b;t ghtlcnfdktys ytrjnjhst bp yb[:
1. System C library - BSD-htfkbpfwbz cnfylfhnyjq cbcntvyjq ,b,kbjntrb C (libc) lkz dcnhfbdftvs[ ecnhjqcnd, jcyjdfyys[ yf Linux.
2. Media Libraries ,b,kbjntrb, jcyjdfyyst yf PacketVideo's OpenCORE, ghtlyfpyfxtyyst lkz gjllth;rb ghjbuhsdfybz b pfgbcb gjgekzhys[ felbj- b dbltj- ajhvfnjd (MPEG4, H.264, MP3, AAC, AMR, JPG, PNG b n.g.).
3. Surface Manager vtytl;th gjdth[yjcntq eghfdkztn ljcnegjv r gjlcbcntvt jnj,hf;tybz 2D- b 3D- uhfabxtcrb[ ckjtd.
4. LibWebCore cjdhtvtyysq ldb;jr web-,hfepthf, rjnjhsq ghtljcnfdkztn dc. vjom dcnhjtyyjuj Android-,hfepthf.
5. SGL ldb;jr lkz hf,jns c 2D-uhfabrjq.
6. 3D libraries ldb;jr lkz hf,jns c 3D-uhfabrjq, jcyjdfyysq yf OpenGL ES 1.0 API.
7. FreeType ,b,kbjntrf, ghtlyfpyfxtyyfz lkz hf,jns cj ihbanfvb.
8. SQLite vjoysq kturjdtcysq ldb;jr lkz hf,jns c htkzwbjyysvb .

hjdtym chtls bcgjkytybz
f;ljt ghbkj;tybt pfgecrftncz d cdjtv cj,cndtyyjv ghjwtcct, cj cdjbv cj,cndtyysv 'rptvgkzhjv dbhnefkmyjq vfibys Dalvik. fqn-rjl Java, yf rjnjhjv yfgbcfys dfib ghbkj;tybz, rjvgbkbhe.ncz d dex-ajhvfn ghb gjvjob enbkbns dx, d[jlzotq d SDK.

hjdtym zlhf Linux
Android jcyjdfy yf Linux dthcbb 2.6, ntv cfvsv gkfnajhvt ljcnegys cbcntvyst cke;,s zlhf, nfrbt rfr eghfdktybt gfvznm. b ghjwtccfvb, j,tcgtxtybt ,tpjgfcyjcnb, hf,jnf c ctnm. b lhfqdthfvb.

dhjgf ds,hfkf vj,bkmyjt yf ,fpt cnfylfhnf Nokia.
3 ltrf,hz dhjrjvbccbz htibkf, xnj vj,bkmyjt ntktdbltybt d cnhfyf[ ,eltn hfpdbdfnmcz yf ,fpt cnfylfhnf DVB-H, hfphf,jnfyyjuj abycrjq Nokia jyrehbhe.obt hfphf,jnrb bp ;yjq jhtb b rjvbccbz yfpdfkf yt cnjkm hfcghjcnhfytyysvb b gjnjve vtytt ghtlgjxnbntkmysvb. dhjgtqcrfz rjvbccbz gjlujnjdbkf ghtldfhbntkmyjt pfrk.xtybt j ds,jht cnfylfhnf yf vj,bkmyjt ntktdtofybt. "bkmytqibv bp rjyrehbhe.ob[ cnfylfhnjd" lkz ,eleob[ vj,bkmys[ ntktdbpbjyys[ ctntq jyf yfpdfkf DVB-H, hfphf,jnfyysq Nokia. kmnthyfnbdyst cgtwbabrfwbb ― T-DMB, bcgjkmpetvfz d ;yjq jhtt, b MediaFlo, ghtlkj;tyyfz fvthbrfycrjq rjhgjhfwbtq Qualcomm, gjrf vtymit hfcghjcnhfytys d vbht. dhjgt, gj vytyb. xktyjd dhjrjvbccbb, ytj,[jlbv tlbysq cnfylfhn, byfxt ,eltn nhelyj bp,t;fnm "ahfuvtynfwbb hsyrf". j tt jwtyrt, r 2009 u. j,]tv 'njuj hsyrf ,eltn cjcnfdkznm $5-7 vkhl d ujl.

p 'njuj hsyrf d eytnt cfvsq htfkmysq pfhf,jnjr ,eltn e ltqnbyujds[ cthdbcjd c dbltj-ghbkj;tybzvb: dbltj gjyznyj byjcnhfywfv ,tp ckjd. lby nfrjq cthdbc - "bcc kbvg" hfphf,fnsdftn fdnjh 'njq cnfnmb, jhbtynbhezcm yf gkfnajhve Google Android b cnfylfhn DVB-H. jlhj,yjcnb - yf znacomstva.blogspot.com

lefhl eibycrbq ,  hjacj.p cjwbfkmys[ ctntq
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