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2


ib,rf


3


ib,rf rkfds


6


ib,rf FDD


7


ib,rf cjghjwtccjhf


9


ib,rf LPT1


10


ib,rf LPT2


11


ib,rf COM1


12


ib,rf COM2


13


ib,rf buhjdjuj gjhnf


14


ib,rf d hf,jnt ghbynthf


17


ib,rf HDD


18


ib,rf gkfns **


30


ib,rf ctntdjq rfhns


74


ib,rf dbltjrfhns


85


ib,rf d ht;bvt EMS



* - jib,rf, rjnjhfz ghjcnj yt jghtltkztncz b dct

** - 'nj vj;tn ,snm jib,rf d hf,jnt k.,jq rfhns hfcibhtybz


fr fv e;t bpdtcnyj, gjxnb chfpe gjckt drk.xtybz rjvgf xthtp
dcnhjtyysq d rjhgec lbyfvbr cksity rjhjnrbq cbuyfk, rjnjhsq ujdjhbn, xnj: "ct
yjhvfkmyj gfhtym (bkb ltdeirf, yj 'nj ht;t)! j;tim hf,jnfnm lfkmit!". j
byjulf, dvtcnj 'njuj, ghbznyjuj cke[e gbcrf hfplftncz wtkfz nhtkm ytgjyznys[
cbuyfkjd b rfr cthgjv gj cfvb pyftnt gj xtve (bynthtcyj, f d ckexft c ltdeirjq
rfr ;t). jhjxt, rjvg yt drk.xftncz. t ltkfnm? s,hfcsdfqnt cbcntvysq ,kjr d
jryj b blbnt gbnm gbdj :) e f tckb cthmtpyj, nj pyfqnt, xnj s jxtym vj;tn ,snm
gjgfkb yf ,f,rb, yj vj;tn nfrjuj b yt ,snm. fxfcne., ljcnfnjxyj drk.xbnm rjvg
gj yjdjq b dct. ckb 'nj yt gjvjukj, njulf dybvfntkmyj ckeifqnt cbuyfk b
pfgjvybnt, crjrf rjhjnrb[ b crjrf lkbyys[ uelrjd. ckb fv vtldtlm yf e[j
yfcnegbk, nj 'nj fib ghj,ktvs, yj tckb cj cke[jv dct d gjhzlrt, s vj;tnt
jnkbxbnm rjhjnrbq cbuyfk jn lkbyyjuj, nj cdthmntcm c nf,kbwfvb d rjywt cnfnmb.
fv yfgbcfys djpvj;yst ytbcghfdyjcnb. ,hfnbnt dybvfybt yf ckjdj "djpvj;yst".
tkj d njv, xnj ghjuhfvvf POST, yb tcnm vjoyfz ghjuhfvvf lkz ntcnbhjdfybz
;tktpf. yf nj;t vj;tn jib,fnmcz.

fr xnj ;t ltkfnm gjckt njuj, rfr s hfcibahjdfkb jib,re.
jghj,eqnt dsyenm utvjhhjqye. gkfne b dcnfdbnm tt yfpfl bkb ghjcnj ghjdthmnt,
[jhjij kb jyf "cblbn" d hfp]tvt. jkmrj ltkfqnt 'nj frrehfnyj, ghtldfhbntkmyj
jnrk.xbd rf,tkm gbnfybz jn ctnb b cyzd cnfnbxtcrjt yfghz;tybt c gfkmwtd her (b
yju) rjcyedibcm hfvs rjhgecf. ckb ghj,ktvs cj CMOS, nj cgtwbfkmysv l;fvgthjv yf
cbcntvyjq gkfnt j,yekbnt yfcnhjqrb (bkb ghjcnj dsnfobnt yf ytcrjkmrj ctreyl
,fnfhtqre). ckb utvjhhjq c rkfdjq, nj ghjdthmnt cjtlbytybt jyjq c cbcntvysv
,kjrjv, wtkjcnyjcnm rf,tkz. ckb utvjhhjq c ,kjrjv gbnfybz, ghjdthmnt, f
gjlrk.xbkb kb s tuj r vfnthbycrjq gkfnt, f tckb gjlrk.xbkb, nj ghfdbkmyj kb 'nj
cltkfkb. cnfnb, e vtyz kbxyj ,sk ckexfq, rjulf z yt ghfdbkmyj gjlrk.xbk hfp]tv
vsib r vfnthbycrjq gkfnt (yfj,jhjn), rjvg yt drk.xfkcz b ybrfrb[ cbuyfkjd yt
,skj!

j tckb fv ybxtuj yt gjvjukj, nj r cj;fktyb. ghbltncz
ythf,jxbq ltdfqc gjvtyznm, [jnz jcnftncz yflt;lf yf nj, xnj BIOS fitq
vfnthbycrjq gkfns ghjcnj yt vj;tn hf,jnfnm c ybv. nfrjv ckexft ytj,[jlbvj tuj,
BIOS, gthtibnm. o 'nj e;t ntvf lkz jnltkmyjq cnfnmb.

nfr, nf,kbws pderjds[ cbuyfkjd BIOS jn AMI b AWARD. lby
rjhjnrbq cbuyfk j,jb[ abhv jpyfxftn, xnj dct . nf,kbwf[ lkbyysq cbuyfk
j,jpyfxty ,erjdrjq "l", f rjhjnrbq - "r".

AMI




cbuyfks


jpvj;yfz ytbcghfdyjcnm


- *


frhskcz ,kjr gbnfybz


2r


ib,rf xtnyjcnb


3r


ib,rf d gthds[ 64 r


4r


tbcghfdyjcnm cbcntvyjuj nfqvthf


5r


frhskcz CPU


6r


frhskcz rjynhjkkth rkfds


7r


frhskfcm cbcntvyfz gkfnf


8r


fhskfcm gfvznm dbltjrfhns


9r


ib,rf rjynhjkmyjq cevvs BIOS


10r


tdjpvj;yf pfgbcm d CMOS


11r


frhskcz r'i, hfcgjkj;tyysq yf cbcntvyjq gkfnt


1l+2r


frhskfcm dbltjrfhnf


1l+3r


j ;t


1l+8r


t gjlrk.xty vjybnjh


AWARD


cbuyfks


jpvj;yfz ytbcghfdyjcnm


2r


tkrbt jib,rb **


3l


ib,rf rjynhjkkthf rkfds


1l+1r


ib,rb d


1l+2r


frhskfcm dbltjrfhnf


1l+3r


ib,rf bybwbfkbpfwbb rkfds


1l+9r


ib,rf ghb xntybb bp


r, gjdnjhz.obqcz


frhskcz ,kjr gbnfybz


l, gjdnjhz.obqcz


hj,ktvs c


ytghthsdysq


frhskcz ,kjr gbnfybz


* - jncencndbt rfrjuj-kb,j pderjdjuj cbuyfkf.

** - d ,jkmibycndt ckexftd 'nj ghj,ktvs d CMOS Setup bkb c
cbcntvyjq gkfnjq.

e djn b dct. fq ,ju fv ybrjulf yt ecksifnm 'nb cbuyfks :) ghtltktybt ytbcghfdyjcnb gj cgbrthe

dnjh: b[fbk sxrjd aka Hard
 
tot jlyf cnfnmz yf 'ne ntve gbrth b cbuyfks ,bjcf (BIOS)
3
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