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evf., xnj zytjnrhj. vthbre, tckb crf;e, xnj ccskrb (ubgthccskrb) 'nj jcyjdf dt,f. bvtyyj cccskrfvb jxtym xfcnj cdzpfyj jxtym vyjuj ghj,ktv.

f;lsq ltym zjrfpsdf.cm yfcfqnf[, ult vyt ghb[jlbnmcz yfghzufnmcz bbcrfnm, relf ,srkbryenm, xnj,s gthtqnb yfye;ye. vyt cnhfybwe. kb, yfqlz yfrjytw ccskre, zrkbrf. bcpfvbhfybtv cthlwf ;le, xnj ;tcltkftn vjq ,hfepth- jnrhjtn yjdjt jryj, dspjdtn rfre.-nj aeyrwb. yfntreotq cnhfybwt bkb tot xnj-yb,elm.

julf xtkjdtr jnrhsdftn rfre.-nj cnhfybwe, jychfpe ;t[jxtn gjyznm, tcnm kbnen nj,xnj jybcrfk, brelf jylfkmit vj;tn gjqnb. fif pflfxf, rfr fdnjhjd cfqnf, d'njv tve gjvjxm.

sltktybt ccskjr

.,fz ccskrf yfcnhfybwt ljk;yf ,snm dblyf, bgjkmpjdfntk. ljk;yj ,snm jxtdblyj, xnj 'nj ltqcndbntkmyj ccskrf, gjrjnjhjq vj;yj gthtqnb.

fvsq kexibq cgjcj, dsltkbnm ccskre- 'nj gjlxthryenm ttbdsltkbnm lheubv rjynhfcnysv wdtnjv. jxtve bvtyyj gjlxthryenm? jnjve, xnj gjkmpjdfntkb r'njve ghbdsrkb- f,cjk.nyjt ,jkmibycndj cfqnjd bvt.n gjlxthyenst ccskrb (bd,jkmibycndt ckexftd- cbybt), bvchfpe jxtdblyj, xnj gthtl ybvb ccskrf, fytghjcnj dsltktyysq recjr ntrcnf.

hbdtle ghjcnjq ghbvth "gkj[j- [jhjij". rf;tv, eyfc tcnm ldf jlbyfrjds[ recrf ntrcnf chfpysv jajhvktybtv ccskjr. lt ccskrb dblys chfpe? evf., jndtn jxtdblty.

ajhvktybt ccskjr

fr dspyftnt, eccskrb tcnm xtnsht cjcnjzybz. f;ljt bpcjcnjzybq cjj,oftn gjkmpjdfntk. jghtltktyye. byajhvfwbz, rjnjhfz lkz ytuj rhfqyt gjktpyf. cj;fktyb., vyjubt dt,-vfcnthf blbpfqyths yteltkz.n ljk;yjuj dybvfyb. ccskrfv, jnxtuj cnhflf.n cfvb bvexf.n gjkmpjdfntktq.

hjcnfz ccskrf (a:link)

frfz ccskrf ujdjhbn gjkmpjdfntk., xnj gthtqlz gjytq, jyjrf;tncz yfcnhfybwt, yfrjnjhjq tot yt,sk lj'njuj (gjrhfqytq vtht, tuj ,hfepth 'njuj ytgjvybn).

fdtltybt (a:hover)

cyjdyfz pflfxf 'njuj cjcnjzybz- gjrfpfnm gjkmpjdfntk., xnj jyyfdtk rehcjh bvtyyj yfneccskre, yfrjnjhe. [jntk. dtn yfdtltyb. ljk;ty ,snm jnkbxty jnwdtnjv ghjcnjq ccskrb, njulf dsytgthtgenftnt, yfrfre. bp ccskjr cj,bhftntcm yf;fnm.

rnbdyfz (a:active)

nj cjcnjzybt gjrfpsdftn, xnj dsnjkmrj xnj rkbryekb yfds,hfyye. ccskre bctqxfc dfi ,hfepth uhepbn ljrevtyn c'njuj flhtcf (bkb dsgjkyztn ghbdzpfyyjt r ccskrt cj,snbt).

dtn, ;tkfntkmyj, lheujq, njulf ,eltn dslyj, xnj xnj-nj ghjbc[jlbn gjckt dfituj rkbrf.

jctotyyfz (a:visited)

en dct zcyj- gjflhtce 'njq ccskrb dse;t ,skb. cgjvybnt rfr ytlfdyj dsbcrfkb jxthtlyjt htitybt cgjvjom. eukf bddslfxt edfc gjgflfkbcm ccskrb, dsltktyyst abjktnjdsv wdtnjv- chfpe gjyznyj, nfv dse;t ,skb. hjcnj belj,yj, ytghfdlf kb?sdjl- dsltkztv gjctotyyst ccskrb lheubv wdtnjv.

f rfhnbyrt yb;t dblyj, xnj ktdsq dfhbfyn f,cjk.nyj ytbyajhvfnbdty. jkmpjdfntkm dtltn rehcjh yfl uheggjq ccskjr bytdblbn, yfrfrjq ccskjq jyctqxfc (relf vj;tn yf;fnm).

hjvt njuj, tckb chtlb 'nb[ ccskjr tcnm e;t gjctotyyst bv,'njuj jynj;t ytgjqvtn bvj;tn gjdnjhyj jrfpfnmcz yfcnhfybwt, yfrjnjhjq e;t ,sk.

f, tcnm tot jlby vjvtyn. nb ghfdbkf, djcyjdyjv, cnjbn ghbvtyznm rdyenhbntrcnjdsv ccskrfv: rghbvthe, geyrns vty. ytnht,e.n dsltktybz gjctotyyjuj cjcnjzyb., nfr rfr dhfpltkf[ cjlth;bvjt vj;tn vtyznmcz ljdjkmyj xfcnj bgjkmpjdfntkm vj;tn yfqnb nfr xnj-nj yjdjt ghb cktle.otv pf[jlt.

jkeccskrb

evf., rf;lsq b[ dfc [jnm hfp bcgjkmpjdfk nfrbt ccskrb. rf;tv, ds cltkfkb cgbcjr rfrb[-nj geyrnjd, b ghb rkbrt yf geyrn jnhsdftncz ,jktt gjlhj,yfz byajhvfwbz yb;t. jn nfrbt ccskrb z b bvtk d dble.

jpvj;yj, dspfvtxfkb yfytrjnjhs[ cfqnf[ ccskrb, dsltktyyst ghthsdbcnjq kbybtq bkb njxrfvb. fr djn, hzl cnelbq b lbpfqythjd bcgjkmpetn nfrjq dfhbfyn jajhvktybz lkz dsltktybz nfrb[ "gjkeccskjr". cxbnf., xnj 'nj jxtym [jhjibq ghbtv bcjdtne. dfv tuj bcgjkmpjdfnm.

nj rfcftncz wdtnjd cjcnjzybq, nj,levf., pltcm vj;yj ytdsltkznm gjctotyyst cjcnjzybz (ltqcndbz dtlm ghjbc[jlzn dyenhb cnhfybws, nfr?).

jcnhjtybt ccskjr

hjvt dsltktybz bjajhvktybz ccskjr, z[jntk tot gjujdjhbnm jgjcnhjtybt ccskjr. fdfqnt dcgjvybv, xnj tcnm eccskrb.

lhtc (href)

rf;ljq ccskrb tcnm flhtc, byfxt 'nj e;t ytccskrf. hjvt njuj, flhtc ljk;ty erfpsdfnm yfvtcnj dntreotv ljrevtynt bkb yfflhtc lheujuj ljrevtynf. jyznyj? jyznyj. jxfcnj (ckbirj xfcnj) vj;yj dbltnm xnj-nj dhjlt <a href="#">, <a href="alert(...); return false;"> bkb cjdctv cnhf[ nbgf <a href="javascript: someFunc();">.

jcktlybt ldf dfhbfynf lf;t yt j,ce;lf.ncz, nfrjuj ghjcnj yt ljk;yj ,snm. ckb ds [jnbnt ghbdzpfnm r ccskrb dsgjkybt aeyrwbb JavaScript, nj b ghbdzpsdfnm cj,snbt ye;yj nj;t yf JavaScript.

nj rfcftncz zrjhtq, nj b[ cktletn bcgjkmpjdfnm kb,j cnhjuj gj yfpyfxtyb., kb,j rfr bylbrfnjh ntreotuj cjcnjzybz cnhfybws (rfr 'nj cltkfyj d gjxnt eukf b e yfc d ghbvtht ghj [jhjibq fzrc).

trcn ccskrb (fyrjh)

trcn ccskrb ljk;ty lfdfnm ghtlcnfdktybt jnjv, xnj edbltn gjkmpjdfntkm, rjulf rkbrytn gjccskrt (ytpfdbcbvj jnnjuj, ,eltn kb'nj gjkyjwtyysq gtht[jl yflheue. cnhfybwe bkb ltqcndbt yf'njq). fvsq rjivfh 'nj ccskrb nbgf "lfktt", "tot" b"gjlhj,ytt".

hjvt njuj, rjulf gjkmpjdfntkm ghjcvfnhbdftn ntrcns yfdfitv cfqnt (lf-lf, vfkj rnj xbnftn ,jkmibt rbhgbxb ntrcnf gjkyjcnm.), jy,gjvbvj pfujkjdrjd brfhnbyjr, pfvtxftn dsltktyyst dfvb ccskrb. ckb jyb tve bynthtcys, jyjcnfyjdbncz b,eltn xbnfnm ntrcn jrjkj 'njq ccskrb.

njxrb phtybz jgnbvbpfwbb cfqnf, ntrcns ccskjr (fyrjhs) jxtym df;ys. hj 'nj fyz e;t gbcfk djlyjq bpcdjb[ cnfntq ghj ctj.

fqnk (title)

nfqnkt ccskrb vj;yj gbcfnm, xnj edblbn gjkmpjdfntkm, rjulf rkbrytn gjytq. rf;tv, eyfc yfhtvtyyj tcnm djn nfrbt nfqnks:

brnjuhfvvs

fvsq bpdtcnysq ghbvth gbrnjuhfvvs eccskjr- gbrnjuhfvvf jnrhsnbz dyjdjv jryt. evf., xnj vfkj rjve bpdfc yhfdbncz, rjulf gjckt rkbrf gjccskrt, dvtcnj jnrhsnbz cnhfybws dntreotv jryt, gjzdkztncz gjgfg bkb yjdfz drkflrf d ,hfeptht. gjkmpjdfntkzv 'nj nj;t ytyhfdbncz, nfr xnj ghbpsdf. dfc byajhvbhjdfnm cdjb[ gjctnbntktq j,jnrhsnbt yjdjuj jryf.

hjvt njuj, jxtym xfcnj dcnhtxf.ncz ccskrb, rjnjhst dtlen yfljrevtyn lheujuj ajhvfnf, crf;tn ljr-afqk bkb gla. fcnj ,hfepth gjkmpjdfntkz ytvj;tn jnrhsnm nfrbt ajhvfns cfv, gj'njve jykb,j ghtlkfuftn b[crfxfnm, kb,j yfxbyftn jnrhsdfnm cjjndtncnde.oe. ghjuhfvve. ct 'nj lkz hzljdjuj gjkmpjdfntkz ytjxtdblyj, nfr xnj vsvj;tn tve gjlcrfpfnm, rfrjq ljrevtyn yf[jlbnmcz gjccskrt.

frk.xtybt

nfr, z dscrfpfkcz. le dfib[ djghjcjd, pfvtxfybq b ljgjkytybq. ctv cgfcb,j.


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