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pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybt

k.xtdjt ckjdj .pf,bkbnb (usability) cnfkj gjgekzhysv d ynthytnt. njn nthvby j,jpyfxftn cntgtym, d rjnjhjq Web-cfqn bkb ghjuhfvvf lhe;tcndtyys r gjkmpjdfntk..

fqns b ghbkj;tybz ljk;ys jajhvkznmcz nfr, xnj,s gjkmpjdfntkm yt gjxedcndjdfk hfpkbxbz vt;le ajhvjq b cjlth;fybtv. y dctulf ljk;ty yf[jlbnmcz d wtynht dybvfybz - 'nj aeylfvtynfkmysq ghbywbg .pf,bkbnb d tuj cjdhtvtyyjq ajhvekbhjdrt.

j, xnj 'nf rjywtgwbz gjkexbkf cnjkm ibhjrjq hfcghjcnhfytybt chtlb dkfltkmwtd Web-cfqnjd, bvttn ldt jcyjdyst ghbxbys:

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      gjckt gthdjyfxfkmyjq 'qajhbb cnfkj zcyj, xnj Web-cfqns ljcnfnjxyj ljhjub b lfktrj yt dct bp yb[ vjuen ltqcndbntkmyj lj,bnmcz ecgt[f;
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      ecbkbz nfrb[ kbxyjcntq, rfr rj, bkmcty (Jacob Nielsen), rjnjhst yt ecnfdfkb gjlxthrbdfnm df;yjcnm .pf,bkbnb.

bkmcty - yfb,jktt bpdtcnysq 'rcgthn d j,kfcnb .pf,bkbnb. y djpukfdkztn d cj,cndtyye. rjycekmnfwbjyye. rjvgfyb., rjnjhfz cgtwbfkbpbhetncz yf cdzpfyys[ c .pf,bkbnb djghjcf[.

rj, bkmcty vyjuj gentitcndetn gj vbhe b dscnegftn c ljrkflfvb yf rjyuhtccf[, ghjdjlbn ctvbyfhs b ge,kbretn cnfnmb dj vyjub[ cgtwbfkbpbhjdfyys[ ;ehyfkf[.
 
    
nj nfrjt .pf,bkbnb?

jl .pf,bkbnb gjybvftncz yt njkmrj nj, xnj cfqn [jhjij jajhvkty, ccskrb b ryjgrb kturj hfcgjpyf.ncz, f cbcntvf yfdbufwbb ghjcnf b gjyznyf.

ct 'nj dgjkyt dgbcsdftncz b d gjyznbt lhe;tcndtyysq gj jnyjityb. r gjkmpjdfntk..

pf,bkbnb nfr;t drk.xftn b lheubt fcgtrns:

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      cnhernehf cfqnf ljk;yf ,snm gjyznyf c gthdjuj dpukzlf;
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      gjkmpjdfntkm ljk;ty dctulf xtnrj gjybvfnm, ult yf[jlbncz ye;yfz byajhvfwbz;
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      ntrcn ljk;ty ,snm ghbdtlty d cjjndtncndbt c bcgjkmpetvsv ajhvfnjv ghtlcnfdktybz.

jlth;fybt b ajhvf gjlfxb ntrcnf j,hfpe.n ghb 'njv jlyj wtkjt, b bvtyyj d nfrjv dblt byajhvfwbz yfb,jktt elj,yf lkz gjkmpjdfntkz.
 
    
f;yjcnm .pf,bkbnb

fcnj yt eltkz.n ytj,[jlbvjuj dybvfybz cktle.otve afrne: tckb Web-cfqn yt zdkztncz ljcnfnjxyj lhe;tcndtyysv gj jnyjityb. r gjkmpjdfntk. (usable), nj 'nj bvttn joenbvst jnhbwfntkmyst gjcktlcndbz.

fghbvth, ceotcndtyyj cyb;f.ncz ifycs gjzdktybz yjds[ gjctnbntktq, rjnjhst pfntv gthtqlen d hfphzl gjcnjzyys[, bkb gjregfntktq d bynthytn-vfufpbyf[.

ckb ds ghblth;bdftntcm d cdjtq hf,jnt rjywtgwbb .pf,bkbnb, nj ds (bkb dfi pfrfpxbr) cvj;tnt gjkexbnm ,jktt dscjre. ghb,skm bkb, gj rhfqytq vtht, ghbdktxtnt ,jkmitt rjkbxtcndj gjkmpjdfntktq.
 
    
fcrjkmrj ghjdthtyysv b ghfrnbxysv zdkztncz .pf,bkbnb?

dybvfybt!     

jhjibv cxbnftncz cfqn, ghb gjkmpjdfybb rjnjhsv dct zdkztncz zcysv b gjyznysv. ghtltkbnm 'nj vj;yj njkmrj c gjvjom. .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz.

s vj;tnt pfgkfybhjdfnm cjplfybt cfqnf c extnjv dct[ gjkj;tybq .pf,bkbnb. ckb ds ,eltnt ghblth;bdfnmcz vtnjljd, rjnjhst jgbcsdf.ncz d lfyyjq cnfnmt, e dfc tcnm [jhjibt ifycs cjplfnm Web-cfqn, rjnjhsq ,eltn gj-yfcnjzotve lhe;tcndtyysv gj jnyjityb. r tuj gjctnbntkzv.

lyfrj htpekmnfn jny.lm yt ufhfynbhjdfy, b ghjdthbnm tuj vj;yj c gjvjom. .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz. nj tlbycndtyysq djpvj;ysq cgjcj, dszdbnm jghtltktyyst ghj,ktvs b jib,rb.

gjlj,ys[ ntcnf[ ds ds,bhftnt gjntywbfkmyjuj gjctnbntkz dfituj cfqnf, cf;ftnt tuj pf rjvgm.nth b yf,k.lftnt, xnj bvtyyj jy ltkftn c dfibv cfqnjv.

njuj, rfr ghfdbkj, ljcnfnjxyj, xnj,s dcrhsnm ytrjnjhst pfnhelytybz. hb 'njv df;yj nfr;t gjyznm, yfcrjkmrj jyb cthmtpys. t ceotcndetn nfrb[ Web-cfqnjd, e rjnjhs[ gjkyjcnm. jncencndjdfkb ,s ghj,ktvs c .pf,bkbnb.

pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybt d ghbywbgt jnkbxftncz jn ibhjrj hfcghjcnhfytyyjuj ,tnf-ntcnbhjdfybz. flfxf ,tnf-ntcnbhjdfybz - e,tlbnmcz d njv, xnj ghbkj;tybt hf,jnftn ,tp jib,jr c nt[ybxtcrjq njxrb phtybz.

hb .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybb vs gsnftvcz gjyznm, cvj;tn kb gjctnbntkm hf,jnfnm c 'nbv cfqnjv, d gthde. jxthtlm c njxrb phtybz cjlth;fybz. j'njve jyj cdzpfyj cj dctv [jljv hf,jns yfl ghjtrnjv b jrfpsdftn dkbzybt yf cfv [jl 'nb[ hf,jn.

ckb ghb .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybb j,yfhe;bdftncz rfrfz-nj jib,rf, ytj,[jlbvs cthmtpyst ljhf,jnrb d uhfabrt b ghjuhfvvbhjdfybb, f nfr;t d cfvjq rjywtgwbb.

jnkbxbt jn 'njuj, tckb d [jlt ,tnf-ntcnbhjdfybz j,yfhe;bdftncz jib,rf, jyf zdkztncz nt[ybxtcrjq, b tt ecnhfytybt, rfr ghfdbkj, nht,etn hf,jns njkmrj ghjuhfvvbcnf.
 
    
julf cktletn ghb,tufnm r gjvjob .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz?

f 'njn djghjc ceotcndetn njkmrj jlby ghjcnjq jndtn: dctulf. tv ,jkmit ntcnbhjdfybz, ntv kexit ,eltn Web-cfqn. heubvb afrnjhfvb, rjnjhst cktletn exbnsdfnm, zdkztncz uhfabr hf,jn gj dsgjkytyb. ghjtrnf b ,.l;tn ghjtrnf.

hfabr ds cjplftnt cfvb, b cktletn pfgkfybhjdfnm d ytv ljcnfnjxyj dhtvtyb lkz ghjdtltybz .pf,bkbnb-ntcnjd. fr;t b ,.l;tn ljk;ty exbnsdfnm cjjndtncnde.obt pfnhfns. hb 'njv yfdthyzrf ghbltncz e,t;lfnm rjuj-nj d ytj,[jlbvjcnb ntcnbhjdfybz - yt njkmrj pfrfpxbrf, yj b herjdjlbntkz ghjtrnf bkb ukfde rjvgfybb-hfphf,jnxbrf.

nfrjv cgjht yfb,jktt dtcjvs cktle.obt fhuevtyns:

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      b jlby gjctnbntkm yt pf[jxtn j,exfnmcz gjkmpjdfyb. cfqnjv. ckb jy yt gjqvtn ghfdbkf chfpe ;t, nj ghjcnj gthtqltn yf lheujq cfqn;
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      ,hfp vsiktybz herjdjlbntkz ghjtrnf cbkmyj jnkbxftncz jn j,hfpf vsiktybz gjntywbfkmyjuj gjctnbntkz cfqnf. thdsq ybrjulf yt cvj;tn gjkyjcnm. f,cnhfubhjdfnmcz jn uhepf yfrjgktyyjuj jgsnf b pyfybq, rjnjhst gjkyjcnm. jncencnde.n e j,sxyjuj gjkmpjdfntkz;
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      b jlby yjdsq fdnjvj,bkm yt gjrbytn rjydtqth, yb jlyf yjdfz htrkfvyfz rjvgfybz yt ,eltn pfgeotyf lj njuj, rfr ,eltn ghjdtltyj nofntkmyjt ntcnbhjdfybt yjdjuj ghjlernf, rjnjhjt ghtljcnfdbn e,tlbntkmyst ljrfpfntkmcndf tuj ujnjdyjcnb. sgecrfnm yf hsyjr ytrfxtcndtyye. ghjlerwb. - pyfxbn yfghfcyj gjnhfnbnm chtlcndf b cbkmyj gjdhtlbnm htgenfwbb abhvs.


dybvfybt!     

,yfhe;bdftncz, xnj .pf,bkbnb ytgjchtlcndtyyj rjhhtkbhetn c ecgtiyjcnm. Web-cfqnf.

cj,tyyj df;ysv zdkztncz gjcktlybq geyrn, nfr rfr jy ljrfpsdftn, xnj gkj[jq cfqn yt njkmrj yt vj;tn ,snm ecgtiysv, jy cgjcj,ty b gjlvjxbnm htgenfwb. tuj dkfltkmwtd.

fghbvth, tckb rfrjq-nj ,fyr gjpdjkztn ct,t jnyjcbnmcz r cj,cndtyyjve Web-cfqne [fkfnyj b ythzikbdj, nj ,jkmifz xfcnm gjctnbntktq vj;tn gjlevfnm, yt jnyjcbncz kb ,fyr nfr;t b r b[ ltymufv.

gjvjom. lhe;tcndtyyjuj gj jnyjityb. r gjkmpjdfntkzv cfqnf ds pfdjtdsdftnt b[ ljdthbt, f gkj[jq cfqn vj;tn tuj njkmrj gjljhdfnm.

yjujxbcktyyst bccktljdfybz gjrfpfkb, xnj nt cfqns, rjnjhst cjplfys d cjjndtncndbb c ghfdbkfvb .pf,bkbnb, yfb,jktt gjgekzhys b bvt.n ,jktt dscjre. cnfnbcnbre gjctotybq, f d ckexft bynthytn-vfufpbyjd .pf,bkbnb tot b ytgjchtlcndtyyj dkbztn yf j,]tvs ghjlf;.

lyfrj ,jkmijt rjkbxtcndj Web-cfqnjd ghjljk;ftn buyjhbhjdfnm ghtbveotcndf .pf,bkbnb. ltcm evtcnyj ghbdtcnb wbnfne, fdnjhjv rjnjhjq zdkztncz rj, bkmcty:

    jvgfybz bydtcnbhetn d cjplfybt Web-cfqnf $40 000 b ghb 'njv yt [jxtn gjnhfnbnm dctuj $4000 yf nj, xnj,s ghjdthbnm, aeyrwbjybhetn kb jy.

 
    
df cgjcj,f .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz

s vj;tnt gjhexbnm ntcnbhjdfybt abhvt, rjnjhfz yf 'njv cgtwbfkbpbhetncz, bkb ;t cltkfnm 'nj cfvjcnjzntkmyj. htbveotcndf ghbdktxtybz ytpfdbcbvs[ 'rcgthnjd jxtdblys: jyb [jhjij hfp,bhf.ncz d lfyyjv ghtlvtnt, bvt.n ytj,[jlbvjt j,jheljdfybt b jgsn, f nfr;t j,]trnbdys b ytpfdbcbvs.

yb jnsoen yfb,jktt gjl[jlzob[ ghtlcnfdbntktq wtktdjq felbnjhbb b ghbdktren b[ r .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfyb.. pfrk.xtybt jyb ghtljcnfdzn dfv j,cnjzntkmysq ljrkfl cj cdjbvb ghtlkj;tybzvb gj ekexityb. cfqnf.

lyfrj gjlj,yst rjvgfybb nht,e.n pf cdjb eckeub jghtltktyye. gkfne b pyfxbntkmye., b bvtyyj dscjrfz wtyf zdkztncz ghbxbyjq njuj, xnj xfcnj vyjubt gjkyjcnm. jnrfpsdf.ncz jn .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz.

fr ds egecrftnt vyj;tcndj ifycjd yfqnb yfb,jktt uhe,st jib,rb, dtlm bvtyyj c gjvjom. ntcnjd b[ chfdybntkmyj kturj j,yfhe;bnm. ckb j,hfnbnmcz r ytpfdbcbvsv 'rcgthnfv yt gjpdjkz.n hfvrb ,.l;tnf, ghjdtlbnt ntcnbhjdfybt cfvjcnjzntkmyj.

jckt ghjdtltybz lf;t ytcrjkmrb[ ntcnjd ds gjkexbnt ljcnfnjxysq jgsn b cvj;tnt ljcnbuyenm df;ys[ htpekmnfnjd. ckb ds hf,jnftnt d rjvgfybb, rjnjhfz ghjatccbjyfkmyj pfybvftncz cjplfybtv Web-cfqnjd, nj cktletn yfxfnm c dfituj cj,cndtyyjuj.

kfujlfhz 'njve ds cvj;tnt gjyznm, ult gjkmpjdfntkm cnfkrbdftncz c jib,rfvb yf cfqnt, rjnjhsq cjplfdfkcz dfvb bp cfvs[ kexib[ gj,e;ltybq. fif htfrwbz vj;tn ghjcnbhfnmcz jn elbdktybz lj jnxfzybz, yj dct 'nj yt yfghfcyj - ds d 'njv tot e,tlbntcm. fktt z jgbie gjhzljr .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz cj,cndtyysvb cbkfvb.
 
    
julf ghjdjlbnm .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz?

fxbyfnm ntcnbhjdfybt cktletn rfr vj;yj hfymit b ghjdjlbnm tuj rfr vj;yj xfot.

dybvfybt!     

fxybnt ntcnbhjdfybt rfr vj;yj hfymit. e;t egjvbyfk, xnj dfif pflfxf pfrk.xftncz d njv, xnj,s j,yfhe;bnm ghj,ktvs c .pf,bkbnb, - df;yj cltkfnm 'nj djdhtvz. fr ecnhfytybt ghj,ktvs gjnht,etn vtymib[ pfnhfn. exit ghjdtcnb jlby wbrk ntcnbhjdfybz yf cfvjq hfyytq cnflbb, xtv ltcznm wbrkjd gthtl cfvsv pfgecrjv cfqnf.

tcnbhjdfybt kexit ghjdjlbnm c gjvjom. ytcrjkmrb[ rjhjnrb[ wbrkjd yf hfpkbxys[ afpf[ ghjtrnf, xtv c gjvjom. tlbycndtyyjuj b cdzpfyyjuj c ,jkmibvb pfnhfnfvb ntcnf.

hb 'njv dthyj cktle.ott ghfdbkj: xtv ,jkmit, ntv kexit. lyfrj, c lheujq cnjhjys, ghjtrn bvttn cdjb juhfybxtybz gj dhtvtyb gj cnjbvjcnb.

kz yt,jkmib[ b chtlyb[ cfqnjd vj;yj gjkexbnm ljcnfnjxyj [jhjibt htpekmnfns c gjvjom. lde[ rjhjnrb[ ntcnjd. thdsq bp yb[ ljk;ty ,snm ghjdtlty rfr vj;yj hfymit, dnjhjq - yf cnflbb cjplfybz cfqnf.

hb 'njv dnjhjt ntcnbhjdfybt nfr;t ljk;yj yfpyfxfnmcz yf rfr vj;yj ,jktt hfyybq chjr, rjulf e dfc tot jcnfytncz dhtvz lkz dytctybz bcghfdktybq. yfxt ds dsye;ltys ,eltnt pfgecrfnm cfqn, rjnjhsq, rfr ds e;t ecgtkb gjyznm gj htpekmnfnfv ntcnjd, yt zdkztncz lhe;tcndtyysv gj jnyjityb. r gjkmpjdfntk..

fr;t ytgjchtlcndtyyj d yfxfkt ghjtrnf cnjbn ghjdtcnb gjlj,yjt ntcnbhjdfybt cfqnjd rjyrehtynjd. s chfpe gjkexbnt ghtlcnfdktybt j njv, xnj pltcm hf,jnftn ghfdbkmyj, f ult ytj,[jlbvj dyjcbnm bcghfdktybz. nj vj;yj cltkfnm ljcnfnjxyj ,scnhj b c yt,jkmibvb pfnhfnfvb, ds dtlm yt cj,bhftntcm d yb[ xnj-nj ekexifnm.
 
    
nj bvtyyj cktletn ntcnbhjdfnm?

tcnbhjdfybt vj;yj yfxbyfnm, rjulf yt ceotcndetn yb jlyjq pfrjyxtyyjq HTML-cnhfybws. kz 'njuj cke;fn nfr yfpsdftvst ,evf;yst ghjnjnbgs ntcnjd.

s ,thtnt kbcn ,evfub b yf ytv bpj,hf;ftnt cnhernehe cfqnf bkb ;t gfhe gkfybhetvs[ r cjplfyb. cnhfybw cfqnf, hbcetnt yfdbufwbjyyst 'ktvtyns b jnlftnt 'njn kbcnjr gjntywbfkmyjve gjctnbntk. cfqnf.

fxfnm cktletn c ukfdyjq cnhfybws. rhfnwt jgbibnt, xnj cnjbn pf 'nbv hbceyrjv. flfqnt ntcnthe djghjc, gjybvftn kb jy, rfr tve j,hfofnmcz c nfrjq cnhfybwtq.

julf gjkmpjdfntkm ujdjhbn, xnj yf;fk ,s yf ne bkb bye. ryjgre, cktletn lfnm tve kbcn ,evfub c hbceyrjv njq cnhfybws, yf rjnjhe. jy gtht[jlbn.

gjvjom. nfrjuj ghjcnjuj vtnjlf ds cvj;tnt ,tp rfrb[-nj pyfxbntkmys[ pfnhfn ghjdthbnm, zdkztncz kb cnhernehf cfqnf gjyznyjq b ghfdbkmyj kb ds,hfys yflgbcb yf 'ktvtynf[ cbcntvs yfdbufwbb gj cfqne.

nj jcj,tyyj df;yj, rjulf ds bltnt cdjbv cj,cndtyysv gentv b gsnftntcm cjplfnm ytcnfylfhnye. cbcntve yfdbufwbb bkb ;t dfi cfqn ,eltn j,kflfnm rfrbvb-nj cjdthityyj ytj,sxysvb yjdfnjhcrbvb aeyrwbzvb.

rf;ljv bp 'nb[ ckexftd bcgjkmpjdfybt ,evf;ys[ ghjnjnbgjd gjpdjkztn ceotcndtyyj cjrhfnbnm j,]tv hf,jns. f 'njq cnflbb ds ljk;ys gjyznm, djcghbybvftncz kb gjkmpjdfntktv nf aeylfvtynfkmyfz bltz, rjnjhfz ltkftn dfi cfqn ytgj[j;bv yf lheubt.

ckb ytn, nj tot jcnftncz dhtvz gththf,jnfnm rjywtgwb.. fr;t ,evf;yst ghjnjnbgs cnhfybw gjpdjkz.n yf [jhjitv ehjdyt ghjdtcnb ntcnbhjdfybt j,jpyfxtybq hfpltkjd cfqnf.

dybvfybt!     

tdf;yj, bcgjkmpetnt kb ds ,evf;yst ghjnjnbgs bkb HTML-ghjnjnbgs: ntcnbhjdfybt ljk;yj yfxbyfnmcz yf cfvjq hfyytq cnflbb ghjtrnf.

jktt byajhvfnbdysv gj chfdytyb. c ,evf;ysvb ghjnjnbgfvb zdkztncz ntcnbhjdfybt c gjvjom. HTML-ghjnjnbgjd. jl 'nbv gjybvftncz cjplfyyfz pf rjhjnrjt dhtvz dthcbz cfqnf, ghtlyfpyfxtyyfz cgtwbfkmyj lkz ntcnbhjdfybz.

frjq cfqn cjcnjbn j,sxyj bp ukfdyjq cnhfybws b ytcrjkmrb[ cnhfybw c jcyjdysv cjlth;fybtv, rjnjhst cjdvtcnyj ntcnbhe.ncz rfr HTML-cnhfybws.

f 'njq cnflbb yt bvt.n pyfxtybz, xnj hbceyrb ghtlcnfdktys yt d cdjtq jrjyxfntkmyjq htlfrwbb, yt jgnbvbpbhjdfyf crjhjcnm pfuheprb cnhfybw bkb xnj ,jkmibt hbceyrb yt hfp,bns yf ,jkmijt rjkbxtcndj ,jktt vtkrb[.

frjq ghjnjnbg ytj,[jlbv njkmrj lkz njuj, xnj,s d ,jktt htfkbcnbxyjq j,cnfyjdrt gjkexbnm jn gjkmpjdfntkz jndtn yf njn ;t djghjc, rjnjhsq vs pflfdfkb b d ckexft ,evf;ys[ ghjnjnbgjd:

   1.

      gjybvftn kb jy, xnj vj;yj cltkfnm, yf[jlzcm yf lfyyjv cfqnt?
   2.

      zcyf kb tve cnhernehf?
   3.

      gjyznys kb j,jpyfxtybz b aeyrwbb 'ktvtynjd yfdbufwbb?

jcktlybv elj,ysv vjvtynjv lkz ntcnbhjdfybz yf ghjnz;tybb ghjtrnf zdkztncz 'nfg dytlhtybz. ltcm ntcnbhe.ncz dct ujnjdst xfcnb cfqnf.

ckb j,yfhe;bdftncz cthmtpyfz jib,rf, lkz tt ecnhfytybz vj;tn gjnht,jdfnmcz dyjcbnm bpvtytybz b dj dct lheubt ujnjdst cnhfybws. lyfrj 'nj dct ;t kexit, xtv pfgecrfnm cfqn c dszdktyysvb, yj yt bcghfdktyysvb jib,rfvb.

njbn ghjdjlbnm ntcnbhjdfybt b lkz e;t aeyrwbjybhe.ob[ d ctnb cfqnjd. exit ecnhfyznm cthmtpyst ghj,ktvs c .pf,bkbnb gjplytt, xtv yt ltkfnm 'njuj djdct.

njve ;t c ntxtybtv dhtvtyb vjuen djpybrfnm yjdst ghj,ktvs bkb ;t yfghjnbd - bcxtpfnm ceotcnde.obt. fr;t vjuen bpvtyznmcz b ghbdsxrb gjkmpjdfntktq.

jkmibycndj bp yb[ ghbdsrkj r bcgjkmpjdfyb. cdjqcndtyyjuj jgthfwbjyyjq cbcntvt Windows uhfabxtcrjuj bynthatqcf, gecnm lf;t jy b bvttn pyfxbntkmyst ghj,ktvs c .pf,bkbnb.

njve ;t gjgekzhyst d ctnb ,jkmibt cfqns ecnfyjdbkb cj,cndtyyst cnfylfhns b cltkfkb ghbdsxysvb jghtltktyyst aeyrwbb. hbvthjv nfrjq aeyrwbb vj;tn cke;bnm rjhpbyf lkz gjregjr - cbvdjk, rjnjhsq gjyznty ghfrnbxtcrb rf;ljve gjkmpjdfntk. ynthytnf.

ytt vj;yj crkflsdfnm ds,hfyyst njdfhs, b jyb ,elen jcnfdfnmcz d ytq, gjrf gjkmpjdfntkm b[ jnnelf yt bpdktxtn bkb yt cjdthibn gjregre.

hb 'njv elfktybt njdfhf bp rjhpbys jceotcndkztncz ddjljv pyfxtybz 0 lkz rjkbxtcndf tlbybw lfyyjuj njdfhf. nj yt jxtym gjyznyj bynebnbdyj, jlyfrj dct r 'njve e;t ghbdsrkb.

ct 'nj cdbltntkmcndetn j njv, xnj c ntxtybtv dhtvtyb ytrjnjhst gjyznbz vjuen cnfyjdbnmcz ghbdsxysvb b gjyznysvb gjkmpjdfntk..

dybvfybt!     

t cktletn hfccxbnsdfnm yf nj, xnj gjkmpjdfntkm ujnjd bpexfnm eckjdbz gj bcgjkmpjdfyb. dfituj cfqnf. jkmrj ytvyjubt cjukfczncz jpyfrjvbnmcz c bycnherwbzvb d on-line bkb off-line. cnfkmyst gjxedcnde.n ct,z ghjcnj j,vfyensvb, tckb cnjkryencz c xhtpvthysvb ghj,ktvfvb c .pf,bkbnb, b ghjcnj gjrbyen cfqn.

jhjibv cgjcj,jv j,yfhe;bnm djpybrf.obt yf cfqnt ghj,ktvs zdkztncz bpextybt log-afqkjd. thdth pfgbcsdftn d 'njn afqk ljcnfnjxyj gjlhj,ye. byajhvfwb., b ds cvj;tnt gjyznm, d rfrjv vtcnt cfqnf gjctnbntkm tuj gjrbyek.

ybvfntkmyj bpexbnt nfrbt cnhfybws b gjgsnfqntcm (gj djpvj;yjcnb bcgjkmpez .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybt) gjyznm, xtv ,sk dspdfy gtht[jl c lfyyjuj cfqnf yf lheujq: pfrk.xftncz kb ghbxbyf d cjlth;fybb cnhfybws bkb ;t gjctnbntk. yt gjyhfdbkjcm nj, rfr jy ljk;ty j,hfofnmcz c cfqnjv.

dybvfybt!     

f;lsq cfqn, rjnjhsq gjldthucz vjlthybpfwbb, ljk;ty gthtl pfgecrjv ghjqnb xthtp .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybt.

ckb ghjtrn pfrk.xftncz d vjlthybpfwbb ceotcnde.otuj Web-cfqnf, nj ght;lt xtv ghbcnegfnm r hf,jnt, cktletn ghjdtcnb .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybt. kfujlfhz 'njve ds cvj;tnt ,scnhj gjyznm, xnj aeyrwbjybhetn yf cfqnt ljk;ysv j,hfpjv, f xnj ytn.

xtdblyj, xnj ghbxbyjq ghjtrnf gj vjlthybpfwbb cfqnf gjcke;bkj ytljdjkmcndj dkfltkmwtd cfqnf ntv, rfr jy hf,jnftn. jkmibycndj bp nfrb[ pfrfpxbrjd juhfybxbdf.ncz ntv, xnj jyb ujdjhzn j njv, xnj cfqn ytljcnfnjxyj [jhji.

jpvj;yj, jyb lj,fdzn, xnj cfqn yt zdkztncz ljcnfnjxyj lhe;tcndtyysv gj jnyjityb. r gjctnbntkzv. lyfrj 'nj kbim ghtlgjkj;tybz b ljuflrb, njxyj jghtltkbnm ghj,ktvs cfqnf vj;yj njkmrj c gjvjom. .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz.

ckb ds jnrfpsdftntcm jn ytuj, nj, djpvj;yj, yjdsq [jhjibq cfqn ,eltn cjplfy dpfvty cnjkm ;t [jhjituj cfqnf (ghb njv eckjdbb, xnj ds pyftnt cdjt ltkj, byfxt ds vj;tnt njkmrj dct bcgjhnbnm).

gjvjom. .pf,bkbnb-ntcnbhjdfybz ds cvj;tnt njxyj jghtltkbnm ghbxbys, gj rjnjhsv cfqn yt bvttn ecgt[f: ghj,ktvs c .pf,bkbnb, ytljcnfnrb d cjlth;fybb bkb ;t jib,rb ghb htfkbpfwbb ghjtrnf.

jyznyj, xnj tckb yf cfqnt hfpvtoftncz byajhvfwbz, rjnjhfz ybrjve yt ye;yf, nj jy yt cnfytn ecgtiysv, lf;t rjulf ds cltkftnt tuj yfb,jktt lhe;tcndtyysv lkz gjctnbntktq dj dctv vbht.
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