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nb pfvtnrb yfgbcfys c njxrb phtybz dt,-hfphf,jnxbrf b ,elen bynthtcys ght;lt dctuj dthcnfkmobrfv HTML b CSS, ghjuhfvvbcnfv JavaScript b ghjxbv nt[yjkjufv rkbtyncrjq cnjhjys.
yfxfkt vfhnf 2008, rfr uhjv chtlb zcyjuj yt,f, gjzdbkfcm gthdfz ,tnf-dthcbz Internet Explorer 8. fphf,jnxbrb to d ltrf,ht cjj,obkb d ,kjut, xnj yjdsq ,hfepth ,eltn dslth;bdfnm ntcn Acid2, yj dct ghbyzkb 'nj pf hj;ltcndtycre. ienre.
f;t ntgthm, dblz pyfvtybne. hj;bwe Acid2 d jryt ,hfepthf, z yt vjue lj rjywf d 'nj gjdthbnm. lt-nj ljk;ty ,snm gjldj[.
Internet Explorer dctulf jnkbxfkcz ghtyt,ht;tybtv r dt,-cnfylfhnfv. nj ,skj tuj aeylfvtynfkmyjq jcj,tyyjcnm. b uhf;lfycrjq gjpbwbtq. jktt ltcznb ktn jycjhwbev W3C d gjnt kbwf rjdfk cgtwbabrfwbb HTML, CSS b DOM. kmnthyfnbdyst ,hfepths, hbcrez pljhjdmtv b ljktq yf hsyrt, dytlhzkb 'nb cnfylfhns lj vtkmxfqib[ ltnfktq. IE uhjvrj xb[fk yf nt[ b lheub[, jcnfdfzcm ghb 'njv cfvsv gjgekzhysv ,hfepthjv.
djn xnj-nj e yb[ nfv gjldbyekjcm. IE 8 ghtntyletn yf gjkye. gjllth;re CSS 2.1. txm yt ghj rfrbt-nj jnltkmyst cdjqcndf b pyfxtybz, f ghj dtcm cnfylfhn wtkbrjv. nj gjnhzctybt jcyjd b rekmnehysq ijr vbhjdjuj vfcinf,f. nj bvtyyj nfrjuj cnhfiyjuj d CSS 2.1? ht;lt dctuj, nf,kbxyst pyfxtybz cdjqcndf display table, table-cell, inline-table b lheubt. nj yfcnjzofz fkmnthyfnbdf nhflbwbjyyjq nf,kbxyjq dhcnrt. gjcktlybt ujls t ,skj vjlyj heufnm, jlyfrj d rfxtcndt pfvtys ghtlkfufkbcm htitybz c j,ntrftvsvb 'ktvtynfvb (floats), rjnjhst ,skb to [e;t. cfvjv ltkt, dct 'nb floats ghtlyfpyfxtys bvtyyj lkz j,ntrfybz, b ghbvtyznm b[ lkz bvbnfwbb nf,kbxyjq dhcnrb ukegj b yt'aatrnbdyj.
djn nf,kbxyst pyfxtybz display gj cdjtq ghbhjlt ghtlyfpyfxtys hjdyj lkz njuj, lkz xtuj gjysyt ghbvtyz.ncz jajhvbntkmcrbt nf,kbws HTML. julf ,hfepths, yt gjllth;bdf.obt dct 'nb table-cell, eqlen d bcnjhb., njulf b yfcnfytn gjhf jrjyxfntkmyj jnrfpsdfnmcz jn nf,kbxyjq dhcnrb d gjkmpe CSS.
nj,s jrjyxfntkmyj pfrhsnm ntve display, IE 8 gjllth;bdftn to pyfxtybz run-in b inline-block. thdjt bp yb[ hfymit yt gjllth;bdfkjcm ybrfr, f dnjhjt hf,jnfkj nfr rjhzdj, xnj kexit ,s yt hf,jnfkj.
njhjq elfh gj CSS gjckt nf,kbxys[ layoutjd utythbhetvjt cjlth;fybt. nj gctdlj'ktvtyns :before b :after, f nfr;t cdzpfyyjt c ybvb cdjqcndj content. yb gjpdjkz.n dcnfdbnm cjlth;fybt yf dt,-cnhfybwe ghzvj bp nf,kbws cnbktq. fpevytt dctuj bcgjkmpjdfnm b[ lkz fdnjvfnbxtcrjq yevthfwbb b gjlj,ys[ 'aatrnjd. cnfnb, lkz yevthfwbb IE 8 to gjllth;bdftn cdjqcndf counter-reset b counter-increment.
jj,ot ujdjhz, nf,kbw CSS b utythbhetvjuj cjlth;fybz dgjkyt [dfnbkj ,s, xnj,s jghfdlfnm ds[jl yjdjq dthcbb ,hfepthf. j 'nj njkmrj cfvjt yfxfkj.
p CSS 2.1 gjllth;bdftncz gctdljrkfcc :focus, gjktpysq lkz gjktq ddjlf b ghjxb[ 'ktvtynjd eghfdktybz. tfkbpjdfyj cdjqcndj outline, rjnjhjt cjplfn hfvre, yj, d jnkbxbt jn border, yt dvtibdftncz d vjltkm j,kfcntq. kz nf,kbw lj,fdbkbcm cdjqcndf caption-side (hfpvtotybt pfujkjdrf yfl nf,kbwtq bkb gjl ytq) b border-spacing. nj cdjqcndj gjpdjkztn edtkbxbnm pfpjh vt;le zxtqrfvb nf,kbws, lkz xtuj hfymit ghbvtyzkb fnhb,en cellspacing. nj,s e,hfnm 'njn pfpjh, uhfvjnyst k.lb lfdysv-lfdyj gbien border-collapse, f djn, yfj,jhjn, edtkbxbnm tuj xthtp CSS ,skj ytdjpvj;yj d ght;yb[ dthcbz[ IE.
nf,kbwf[ cnbktq lkz gtxfnb ntgthm gjllth;bdf.ncz cdjqcndf page-break-inside (d ljgjkytybt r hfytt dytlhyysv page-break-before b page-break-after), f nfr;t widows b orphans. jcktlybt cdjqcndf gjpdjkz.n erfpfnm, crjkmrj cnhjr ljgecnbvj jcnfdbnm yf ghtlsleotq cnhfybwt bkb gthtytcnb yf cktle.oe..
IE 8 bcghfdktys vyjubt cdjqcndf CSS, rjnjhst d ght;yb[ dthcbz[ gjllth;bdfkbcm xthtp gtym-rjkjle. brdblbhjdfys bpdtcnyst ghj,ktvs c dytiybvb jncnegfvb (margin) b j,ntrftvsvb 'ktvtynfvb. jghfdktys cdjqcndf z-index b text-decoration, lj,fdktys pyfxtybz white-space b list-style. xfcnyjcnb, ntgthm vj;yj yevthjdfnm geyrns cgbcrf gj-fhvzycrb bkb gj-uhepbycrb. hbpyfqntcm, ds dtlm lfdyj 'njuj ;lfkb?
htlsleott hflbrfkmyjt bpvtytybt gjllth;rb CSS ckexbkjcm d IE 6, [jnz ntgthm jyj dsukzlbn ceotq vtkjxm. gj chfdytyb. c ntv, xnj ndjhbncz d djcmvjq dthcbb. julf, xnj,s yt bcgjhnbnm jnj,hf;tybt e;t ceotcnde.ob[ cfqnjd, d ,hfeptht gjzdbkjcm gthtrk.xtybt ht;bvjd: cnfhst cfqns ,tp DOCTYPE jnj,hf;fkbcm d ht;bvt j,hfnyjq cjdvtcnbvjcnb (rfr d IE 5), f yjdst cfqns c ghfdbkmysv DOCTYPE jnj,hf;fkbcm d ht;bvt, ghb,kb;tyyjv r cnfylfhnfv.
IE 8 'nf bltz gjkexbkf ytj;blfyyjt ghjljk;tybt. tgthm d ,hfeptht yt ldf, f nhb ht;bvf. nhfybws c DOCTYPE jnj,hf;f.ncz d cegth-cnfylfhnyjv ht;bvt, ult ljcnegys chfpe dct ghtktcnb CSS 2.1. nhfybws ,tp DOCTYPE jnrhsdf.ncz d njv ;t ht;bvt j,hfnyjq cjdvtcnbvjcnb, xnj dj dct[ ghtlsleob[ dthcbz[. j tcnm b nhtnbq ht;bv, bvbnbhe.obq IE 7. jk;yj ,snm, 'nj cgtwbfkmyj lkz nfrb[ cfqnjd, rjnjhst gththjckb gtcjxybwe IE 5, yj to yt ljcnbukb ybhdfys IE 8. ghjxtv, cjplfntkzv cfqnjd ghblncz gjnhelbnmcz, xnj,s pfcnfdbnm ,hfepth jnj,hf;fnm cnhfybws d 'njv ghjvt;enjxyjv ht;bvt lkz 'njuj yflj gjlfnm c dt,-cthdthf pfujkjdjr X-UA-Compatible: IE=7 bkb dcnfdbnm d HTML 'ktvtyn meta c fyfkjubxysv yfpyfxtybtv.
hjcbd dct cbks yf ,jhm,e c CSS, hfphf,jnxbrb IE 8 yt cbkmyj rjywtynhbhjdfkbcm yf HTML b JavaScript, gj'njve bpvtytybz d 'nb[ nt[yjkjubz[ yt dgtxfnkz.n. HTML yjditcndf rfcf.ncz d jcyjdyjv 'ktvtynf object crkflsdftncz dgtxfnktybt, xnj tuj gjdtltybt cgtwbfkmyj gjlujyzkb yt cnjkmrj gjl cnfylfhns W3C, crjkmrj gjl ntcn Acid2. j,jxysq 'aatrn 'njuj d njv, xnj ntgthm object vj;yj ghbvtyznm rfr gjkyjwtyye. pfvtye 'ktvtyne img. ghjxtv, ytzcyj, pfxtv 'nj vj;tn ghbujlbnmcz.
DOM ckturf gjghfdktys vtnjls getElementById(), getAttribute() b ytrjnjhst lheubt bp 'njq ;t j,jqvs. jllth;bdf.ncz yjdst cdjqcndf contentDocument, ownerElement b vtnjl hasAttribute(). jlhb[njdfyf j,hf,jnrf jnyjcbntkmys[ URL d pyfxtybz[ fnhb,enjd b cdjqcnd. j,otv, vyjuj vtkrb[ nt[ybxtcrb[ gjghfdjr, bp-pf rjnjhs[ ytvfkj crhbgnjd yf ltqcnde.ob[ cfqnf[ gthtcnfyen rjhhtrnyj hf,jnfnm d IE 8.
o jlby htdthfyc d cnjhjye Acid2 nfr yfpsdftvst data URI, gjpdjkz.obt dcnfdbnm bpj,hf;tybt d jcj,jv ajhvfnt ghzvj d rjl HTML bkb CSS. tcnyj ujdjhz, z yt db;e d 'njv ybrfrjq hfljcnb. e,t;ly, xnj lfyyst hfpyjq ghbhjls kexit [hfybnm d hfpys[ afqkf[ jnltkmyj HTML, jnltkmyj CSS, jnltkmyj bpj,hf;tybz, b nfr lfktt. n cvtibdfybz ajhvfnjd d jlyjv rjlt njkmrj kbiyzz ujkjdyfz ,jkm hfphf,jnxbrjd, jcj,tyyj tckb ajhvfns nfrbt hfpyst, rfr HTML b, crf;tv, PNG. nj,s e yfc ujkjdf jrjyxfntkmyj gjikf rheujv, IE 8 ghtlkfuftn rjvgktrc dcnhjtyys[ chtlcnd hfphf,jnrb yfcktlybrjd rjhzdjdfnjuj Developer Toolbar. nb chtlcndf gjpdjkzn ghjcvfnhbdfnm lthtdj ljrevtynf, jnckt;bdfnm gjkj;tybt b gjdtltybt j,kfcntq, bccktljdfnm cnbkb, f nfr;t htlfrnbhjdfnm dc 'nj ghzvj yf ;bdjq cnhfybwt. hbkfuftncz jnkflxbr JavaScript, j rjnjhjv dt,-hfphf,jnxbrb vtxnfkb ljkubt ujls. ckb hfymit cnhfybws rhbdj jnj,hf;fkbcm d IE, ,skj ytdjpvj;yj hfpj,hfnmcz d ghbxbyf[ ytghbznyjcntq. tgthm, crjhtt dctuj, cnhfybws yt cnfyen kexit jnj,hf;fnmcz, pfnj vs cvj;tv njxyj dszcybnm, gjxtve 'nj ghjbc[jlbn.
'nj to yt dct c.hghbps, rjnjhst ghtgjlyjcbn IE 8. ghtlitcnde.otq dthcbb ,hfepthf yfrjytw-nj ddtkb j,]trn XMLHttpRequest, ,kfujlfhz rjnjhjve cnfk djpvj;ty yfcnjzobq, rjithysq AJAX. tgthm ntvf AJAX hfpdbdftncz b j,jufoftncz yjdsvb abjhbnehfvb. jghfdktyj gjdtltybt ryjgrb fpfl, rjnjhfz lf;t d 'rcnhtvfkmyj dt,ldfyjkmys[ ghbkj;tybz[ hf,jnftn nfr, rfr j;blf.n ghjcnst gjkmpjdfntkb. kexityf j,hf,jnrf pfdbcib[ bkb j,jhdfdib[cz cjtlbytybq. cbktys vths ,tpjgfcyjcnb, yj dvtcnt c ntv ddtltys chtlcndf j,vtyf lfyysvb vt;le hfpkbxysvb ljvtyfvb.
frjytw, gjzdbkfcm nthvjzlthyfz inerjdbyf DOM Storage. jdjhz ghjcnsv zpsrjv, 'nj djpvj;yjcnm lkz dt,-ghbkj;tybq cj[hfyznm lfyyst yf ;cnrjv lbcrt rjvgm.nthf. fymit k.,st gjgjkpyjdtybz d 'njv yfghfdktybb ;cnrj gjlfdkzkbcm bp cjj,hf;tybq ,tpjgfcyjcnb. yfitv hfcgjhz;tybb ,skb njkmrj rewst cookies, vtnjls hf,jns c rjnjhsvb yfgjvbyfkb dshtpfybt 'gbxtcrb[ gj'v yf hbcjdjv pthyt.
ntgthm ghbdfkbkj cxfcnmt. j;yj ,hfnm ytcrjkmrj vtuf,fqn yf lbcrt b gbcfnm nelf xnj eujlyj, f gjnjv rfr eujlyj xbnfnm 'nj j,hfnyj. n ytj;blfyyjcnb lf;t yt jxtym gjyznyj, rfr hfcgjhzlbnmcz nfrjq vfyyjq yt,tcyjq. j,otv, yjditcnd d IE 8 dsit rhsib. cnfncz elbdkznmcz, gjxtve pf wtks[ gznm ktn gjckt ds[jlf IE 6 fdnjhs ,hfepthf cevtkb dctuj kbim yfgb[fnm d ytuj ytcrjkmrj vtkrb[ pfgkfnjr, f dctuj pf ujl gjckt IE 7 cjplfkb ghjlern, jnkbxf.obqcz jn ghtlsleotq dthcbb, rfr jcwbkkjuhfa jn rktgcblhs.

ghjxtv, jyb htfkbpjdfkb lfktrj yt dc, xnj [jntkb ,s dbltnm hfphf,jnxbrb cfqnjd. fghbvth, fkmnthyfnbdyst ,hfepths lfdyj gjllth;bdf.n bcnbyysq XHTML (nbg cjlth;fybz application/xhtml+xml), f d IE 8 ghj ytuj yb cke[e yb le[e. tn nfr;t cthmpys[ gjldb;tr d j,kfcnb DOM. ht;lt dctuj 'nj jnyjcbncz r cj,snbqyjq vjltkb, ult nfr b yt djgkjnbkbcm vtnjls dhjlt addEventListener() b vt[fybpv gthtlfxb cj,snbq d aeyrwb.-j,hf,jnxbr. t htfkbpjdfys SVG b MathML, rjnjhst xfcnj egjvbyf.ncz d kfvtynfwbz[ k.,bntktq cjdhtvtyys[ nt[yjkjubq.
fnj IE jnkbxbkcz rjt-xtv, xtuj djj,ot ybrnj yt j;blfk. yv gjllth;bdftncz ARIA. s lf;t yt pyftnt, xnj 'nj nfrjt, f jyj gjllth;bdftncz. tqxfc gjghj,e. j,]zcybnm.
fr bpdtcnyj, HTML yt cghfdbkcz c pflfxtq gjkyjwtyyjq ctvfynbxtcrjq hfpvtnrb ljrevtynf. jplfntkb cfqnjd bcgjkmpe.n 'ktvtyns yt gj ghzvjve yfpyfxtyb., f rfr bv elj,ytt nf,kbws ghbvtyz.n lkz dhcnrb, bp divjd ltkf.n dsgflf.obt cgbcrb, rjycnhebhe.n cfvjltkmyst 'ktvtyns eghfdktybz. j'njve gj yfpdfyb. n'uf e;t ybrfr ytkmpz celbnm, rfre. aeyrwb. yf cfvjv ltkt dsgjkyztn 'ktvtyn.
kz ,jhm,s c 'nbv ghblevfy fnhb,en role, gjpdjkz.obq j,jpyfxbnm 'ne aeyrwb.. fghbvth, tckb bp 'ktvtynf span c gjvjom. JavaScript cltkfy gjkpeyjr, tve vj;yj ghbcdjbnm fnhb,en role="slider", b njulf lf;t ghb ytljcnegyjv JavaScript ,hfepth gjqvn, d xv cvsck 'njuj spanf.
vtcnt c yf,jhjv hjktq dytlhtys ytrjnjhst cdjqcndf DOM, j,jpyfxf.obt rfxtcndf b cjcnjzybt 'ktvtynjd crf;tv, ariaReadonly, ariaRequired b ariaSelected. jrf 'nj dc dsukzlbn, rfr to jlyf nt[yjkjubz hfpvtnrb, gfhfkktkmyfz HTML. t jxtym gjyznyj, rfrfz jn 'njuj vj;tn ,snm ghfrnbxtcrfz gjkmpf levf., njkmrj lj,fdbncz ythfp,thb[b. ghjxtv, dhtvz gjrf;tn.
e b, yfrjytw, vjz k.,bvfz jcj,tyyjcnm IE 8 ekexityyjt vfcinf,bhjdfybt cnhfybws. IE 6 bp gjlj,ys[ chtlcnd ,skf njkmrj aeyrwbz bpvtytybz hfpvthf ihbanf, rjnjhfz dspsdfkfcm bp vty. bkb c gjvjom. Ctrl b rjkcbrf vsib. hb 'njv yt edtkbxbdfkbcm ihbans, hfpvths rjnjhs[ pflfys d gbrctkf[ b lheub[ abrcbhjdfyys[ tlbybwf[. IE 7 htuekbhjdrf ihbanf jcnfkfcm d vty., f Ctrl + rjkcbrj cnfkj ghbdjlbnm r ;enrjve hfpkzgsdfyb. dctq cnhfybws b blbjncrjq ujhbpjynfkmyjq ghjrhenrt. nj yfpsdfkjcm Page Zoom.
djcmvjq dthcbb hfphf,jnxbrb gjyzkb, xnj nfrjq vt[fybpv gjkysq vfhfpv, b cltkfkb gj-yfcnjzotve 'aatrnbdyjt vfcinf,bhjdfybt. tgthm gj Ctrl + rjkcbrj cnhfybwf frrehfnyj zoombncz b rjvajhnyj gthtcnhfbdftncz, yt dsktpfz pf ,jrjdst uhfybws jryf. , yfrjytw-nj, ghb 'njv edtkbxbdf.ncz dct ihbans, lf;t nt, hfpvths rjnjhs[ pflfys d gbrctkf[. f 'nj vj jnltkmyjt cgfcb,j rjvfylt hfphf,jnrb IE 8.
eltv c ytnthgtybtv ;lfnm dnjhjq ,tnf-dthcbb. hj yt z nj;t xnj-yb,elm yfgbie.

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